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Acceptability of a herd immunity-focused, transmission-blocking malaria vaccine in malaria-endemic communities in the Peruvian Amazon: an exploratory study

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dc.contributor.author White, Sara E.
dc.contributor.author Harvey, Steven A.
dc.contributor.author Meza, Graciela
dc.contributor.author Llanos, Alejandro
dc.contributor.author Guzman, Mitchel
dc.contributor.author Gamboa, Dionicia
dc.contributor.author Vinetz, Joseph M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-30T02:09:28Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-30T02:09:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri http://doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2328-z
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.upch.edu.pe/handle/upch/3987
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: A transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV) to prevent malaria-infected humans from infecting mosquitoes has been increasingly considered as a tool for malaria control and elimination. This study tested the hypothesis that a malaria TBV would be acceptable among residents of a malaria-hypoendemic region. METHODS: The study was carried out in six Spanish-speaking rural villages in the Department of Loreto in the Peruvian Amazon. These villages comprise a cohort of 430 households associated with the Peru-Brazil International Centre for Excellence in Malaria Research. Individuals from one-third (143) of enrolled households in an ongoing longitudinal, prospective cohort study in 6 communities in Loreto, Peru, were randomly selected to participate by answering a pre-validated questionnaire. RESULTS: All 143 participants expressed desire for a malaria vaccine in general; only 1 (0.7%) expressed unwillingness to receive a transmission-blocking malaria vaccine. Injection was considered most acceptable for adults (97.2%); for children drops in the mouth were preferred (96.8%). Acceptability waned marginally with the prospect of multiple injections (83.8%) and different projected efficacies at 70 and 50% (90.1 and 71.8%, respectively). Respondents demonstrated clear understanding that the vaccine was for community, rather than personal, protection against malaria infection. DISCUSSION: In this setting of the Peruvian Amazon, a transmission-blocking malaria vaccine was found to be almost universally acceptable. This study is the first to report that residents of a malaria-endemic region have been queried regarding a malaria vaccine strategy that policy-makers in the industrialized world often dismiss as altruistic.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMC
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Peru
dc.subject Malaria
dc.subject Amazon
dc.subject Social acceptability
dc.subject Transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV)
dc.title Acceptability of a herd immunity-focused, transmission-blocking malaria vaccine in malaria-endemic communities in the Peruvian Amazon: an exploratory study
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.journal Malaria Journal


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