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The Walking Environment in Lima, Peru and Pedestrian–Motor Vehicle Collisions: An Exploratory Analysis

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dc.contributor.author Quistberg, D.A.
dc.contributor.author Koepsell, T.D.
dc.contributor.author Miranda, J.J.
dc.contributor.author Boyle, L.N.
dc.contributor.author Johnston, B.D.
dc.contributor.author Ebel, B.E.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-22T14:55:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-22T14:55:01Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri http://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2014.930830
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.upch.edu.pe/handle/upch/5716
dc.description.abstract Objective: Pedestrians comprise 78% of the road fatalities in Peru. The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between the walking environment and pedestrian–motor vehicle collisions. Methods: A matched case-control study was used to detect the odds of a pedestrian–motor vehicle collision at a pedestrian crossing location. Data were collected from 11 sampled police commissaries in Lima, Peru. Results: In a multivariable model adjusting for vehicle and pedestrian flow, pedestrian collisions were less likely in the presence of a curb and sidewalk on both roadway sides (odds ratio [OR] = 0.19, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.11–0.33) or a pedestrian barricade (OR = 0.11, 95% CI, 0.01–0.81). There was a greater risk of collisions for each street vendor present (OR = 2.82, 95% CI, 1.59–5.00) or whether any parked vehicles (OR = 3.67, 95% CI, 1.18–11.4) were present. Conclusions: Improving or addressing these potentially modifiable features of the walking environment could improve pedestrian safety in Lima and in similar urban settings in low- and middle-income countries.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Peru
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject Case-Control Studies
dc.subject Multivariate Analysis
dc.subject Risk Assessment
dc.subject human
dc.subject Walking
dc.subject risk assessment
dc.subject injuries
dc.subject case control study
dc.subject statistical model
dc.subject Models, Statistical
dc.subject statistics and numerical data
dc.subject multivariate analysis
dc.subject Accidents, Traffic
dc.subject traffic accident
dc.subject information processing
dc.subject walking
dc.subject Records as Topic
dc.subject Environment Design
dc.subject environmental planning
dc.subject built environment
dc.subject less motorized countries
dc.subject matched case-control study
dc.subject pedestrian injury
dc.subject police
dc.subject Police
dc.title The Walking Environment in Lima, Peru and Pedestrian–Motor Vehicle Collisions: An Exploratory Analysis
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.journal Traffic Injury Prevention


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