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Association between food assistance program participation and overweight

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dc.contributor.author Pia Chaparro, M.
dc.contributor.author Bernabe-Ortiz, A.
dc.contributor.author Harrison, G.G.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-10T18:12:20Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-10T18:12:20Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri http://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-8910.2014048005359
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.upch.edu.pe/handle/upch/8117
dc.description.abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between food assistance program participation and overweight/obesity according to poverty level. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data from 46,217 non-pregnant and non-lactating women in Lima, Peru was conducted; these data were obtained from nationally representative surveys from the years 2003, 2004, 2006, and 2008-2010. The dependent variable was overweight/obesity, and the independent variable was food assistance program participation. Poisson regression was used to stratify the data by family socioeconomic level, area of residence (Lima versus the rest of the country; urban versus rural), and survey year (2003-2006 versus 2008-2010). The models were adjusted for age, education level, urbanization, and survey year. Results: Food assistance program participation was associated with an increased risk of overweight/obesity in women living in homes without poverty indicators [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.29; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06;1.57]. When stratified by area of residence, similar associations were observed for women living in Lima and urban areas; no associations were found between food assistance program participation and overweight/obesity among women living outside of Lima or in rural areas, regardless of the poverty status. Conclusions: Food assistance program participation was associated with overweight/obesity in non-poor women. Additional studies are required in countries facing both aspects of malnutrition.
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject adolescent
dc.subject Adolescent
dc.subject adult
dc.subject Adult
dc.subject body mass
dc.subject Body Mass Index
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject cross-sectional study
dc.subject female
dc.subject Female
dc.subject food assistance
dc.subject Food Assistance
dc.subject human
dc.subject Humans
dc.subject middle aged
dc.subject Middle Aged
dc.subject National Health Programs
dc.subject Nutrition programs and policies
dc.subject obesity
dc.subject Obesity
dc.subject Overweight
dc.subject Overweight, epidemiology
dc.subject Peru
dc.subject Public Assistance
dc.subject public health
dc.subject risk factor
dc.subject Risk Factors
dc.subject social care
dc.subject Socioeconomic factors
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors
dc.subject socioeconomics
dc.subject young adult
dc.subject Young Adult
dc.title Association between food assistance program participation and overweight
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.journal Revista de Saúde Pública


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