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Browsing by Subject "Risk Factors"

Browsing by Subject "Risk Factors"

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  • Santolaya, María E.; Alvarado, Tito; Queiroz-Telles, Flavio; Colombo, Arnaldo L.; Zurita, Jeanette; Tiraboschi, Iris N.; Cortes, Jorge Alberto; Thompson, Luis; Guzman, Manuel; Sifuentes, José; Echevarría, Juan I.; Nucci, Marcio (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2014)
    Background: Active surveillance is necessary for improving the management and outcomes of patients with candidemia. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiologic and clinical features of candidemia in pediatric ...
  • Pia Chaparro, M.; Bernabe-Ortiz, A.; Harrison, G.G. (SciELO, 2014)
    Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between food assistance program participation and overweight/obesity according to poverty level. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of data from ...
  • Del Brutto, Oscar H.; Issa, Naoum P.; Salgado, Perla; Del Brutto, Victor J.; Zambrano, Mauricio; Lama, Julio; Garcia, Hector H. (American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2017)
    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) has been associated with hippocampal atrophy, but the prevalence and pathogenic mechanisms implicated in this relationship are unknown. Using a population-based, case-control study design, residents ...
  • Barrios, Y.V.; Gelaye, B.; Zhong, Q.; Nicolaidis, C.; Rondon, M.B.; Garcia, P.J.; Mascaro Sanchez, P.A.; Sanchez, S.E.; Williams, M.A. (PLoS, 2015)
    Objective: We examined associations of childhood physical and sexual abuse with risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). We also evaluated the extent to which childhood abuse was associated with self-reported general health ...
  • Folayan, Morenike-Oluwatoyin; Harrison, Abigail; Brown, Brandon; Odetoyinbo, Morolake; Stockman, Jamila-K.; Ajuwon, Ademola-J.; Caceres, Carlos-F. (PLoS, 2016)
    OBJECTIVES: Some individuals experience their first sexual intercourse through physically forced sex, which affects the way they experience and cope with stress. We examined differences in sexual risk behavior, experience ...
  • De Lucia Rolfe, Emanuella; de França, Giovanny Vinícius Araújo; Vianna, Carolina Avila; Gigante, Denise P.; Miranda, J. Jaime; Yudkin, John S.; Horta, Bernardo Lessa; Ong, Ken K. (PLoS, 2018)
    Early life stunting may have long-term effects on body composition, resulting in obesity-related comorbidities. We tested the hypothesis that individuals stunted in early childhood may be at higher cardiometabolic risk ...
  • Quistberg, D. Alex; Koepsell, Thomas D.; Johnston, Brian D.; Boyle, Linda Ng; Miranda, J. Jaime; Ebel, Beth E. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2013)
    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between bus stop characteristics and pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions. METHODS: This was a matched case-control study where the units of study were pedestrian crossings in Lima, ...
  • Quistberg, D. Alex; Koepsell, Thomas D.; Johnston, Brian D.; Boyle, Linda Ng; Miranda, J. Jaime; Ebel, Beth E. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
    Objective: To evaluate the relationship between bus stop characteristics and pedestrian–motor vehicle collisions. Methods: This was a matched case–control study where the units of study were pedestrian crossings in Lima, ...
  • Pham, Luu V.; Miele, Catherine H.; Schwartz, Noah G.; Arias, Rafael S.; Rattner, Adi; Gilman, Robert H.; Miranda, J. Jaime; Polotsky, Vsevolod Y.; Checkley, William; Schwartz, Alan R. (European Respiratory Society, 2017)
    Associations between sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and cardiometabolic outcomes have not been examined in highlanders.We performed nocturnal polygraphy in Peruvian highlanders (3825 m). Multivariable linear regression ...
  • Zavala-Loayza, J. Alfredo; Pastorius-Benziger, Catherine; Cardenas, Maria Kathia; Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.; Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio; Gilman, Robert H.; Checkley, William; Miranda, J. Jaime (Elsevier, 2016)
    BACKGROUND: Over one-quarter of the world's adult population has hypertension, yet achieving adequate treatment or control targets remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to identify, longitudinally, characteristics ...
  • Caravedo, M. A.; Herrera, P. M.; Mongilardi, N.; de Ferrari, A.; Davila-Roman, V. G.; Gilman, R. H.; Wise, R. A.; Miele, C. H.; Miranda, J. J.; Checkley, W. (Wiley, 2015)
    Indoor smoke exposure may affect cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk via lung-mediated inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial inflammation. We sought to explore the association between indoor smoke exposure from ...
  • Villafuerte, Francisco-C.; Corante, Noemi (Mary Ann Liebert, 2016)
    Villafuerte, Francisco C., and Noemi Corante. Chronic mountain sickness: clinical aspects, etiology, management, and treatment. High Alt Med Biol. 17:61-69, 2016.-Millions of people worldwide live at a high altitude, and ...
  • Zaeh, S.; Miele, C. H.; Putcha, N.; Gilman, R. H.; Miranda, J. J.; Bernabe-Ortiz, A.; Wise, R. A.; Checkley, W. (International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2016)
    SETTING: Depression is a prevalent comorbidity of chronic respiratory disease (CRD), and may indicate worse clinical outcomes. The relationship between depression and living with chronic hypoxia due to CRD or residence at ...
  • Duque, Kevin R.; Burneo, Jorge G. (Elsevier, 2017)
    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system and a major risk factor for seizures and epilepsy. Seizure types in NCC vary largely across studies and seizure semiology is ...
  • Lazo-Porras, Maria; Ortiz-Soriano, Victor; Moscoso-Porras, Miguel; Runzer-Colmenares, Fernando M.; Málaga, German; Jaime Miranda, J. (BioMed Central, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that hypertension is a risk factor for cognitive impairment, but whether this association is also present in extremely poor populations in Low Middle Income Countries settings remains ...
  • Borgia, R. Ezequiel; Alarcón, Graciela S. (Wiley, 2021)
    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by evidence of autoantibodies and multiorgan system involvement leading to significant physical and functional disability. The reported ...
  • Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio; Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.; Gilman, Robert H.; Checkley, William; Smeeth, Liam; Miranda, J. Jaime; CRONICAS Cohort Study Group (BMJ Publishing Group, 2015)
    BACKGROUND: It is important to understand the local burden of non-communicable diseases including within-country heterogeneity. The aim of this study was to characterise hypertension and type-2 diabetes profiles across ...
  • Kaplan, Hillard; Thompson, Randall C.; Trumble, Benjamin C.; Wann, L. Samuel; Allam, Adel H.; Beheim, Bret; Frohlich, Bruno; Sutherland, M. Linda; Sutherland, James D.; Stieglitz, Jonathan; Rodriguez, Daniel Eid; Michalik, David E.; Rowan, Chris J.; Lombardi, Guido P.; Bedi, Ram; Garcia, Angela R.; Min, James K.; Narula, Jagat; Finch, Caleb E.; Gurven, Michael; Thomas, Gregory S. (Elsevier, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Conventional coronary artery disease risk factors might potentially explain at least 90% of the attributable risk of coronary artery disease. To better understand the association between the pre-industrial ...
  • Scott, K. M.; Lim, C. C. W.; Hwang, I.; Adamowski, T.; Al-Hamzawi, A.; Bromet, E.; Bunting, B.; Ferrand, M. P.; Florescu, S.; Gureje, O.; Hinkov, H.; Hu, C.; Karam, E.; Lee, S.; Posada-Villa, J.; Stein, D.; Tachimori, H.; Viana, M. C.; Xavier, M.; Kessler, R. C. (Cambridge University Press, 2016)
    BACKGROUND: This is the first cross-national study of intermittent explosive disorder (IED). METHOD: A total of 17 face-to-face cross-sectional household surveys of adults were conducted in 16 countries (n = 88 063) as ...
  • Pham, Luu V.; Meinzen, Christopher; Arias, Rafael S.; Schwartz, Noah G.; Rattner, Adi; Miele, Catherine H.; Smith, Philip L.; Schneider, Hartmut; Miranda, J. Jaime; Gilman, Robert H.; Polotsky, Vsevolod Y.; Checkley, William; Schwartz, Alan R. (Mary Ann Liebert, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Altitude can accentuate sleep disordered breathing (SDB), which has been linked to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. SDB in highlanders has not been characterized in large controlled studies. The purpose ...

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