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SARS-CoV-2 self-testing in Peru: a cross-sectional survey of values and attitudes of the general population

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dc.contributor.author Martínez-Pérez, Guillermo Z.
dc.contributor.author Shilton, Sonjelle
dc.contributor.author Mallma Salazar, Patricia Silvia
dc.contributor.author Pflucker Oses, Cristina Paola
dc.contributor.author Torres Slimming, Paola Alejandra
dc.contributor.author Batheja, Deepshikha
dc.contributor.author Banerji, Abhik
dc.contributor.author Mallery, Amber
dc.contributor.author Ivanova Reipold, Elena
dc.contributor.author Cárcamo Cavagnaro, César Paul Eugenio
dc.coverage.spatial Valle del Mantaro, Junín, Perú
dc.coverage.spatial Lima, Perú
dc.date.accessioned 2023-09-06T20:45:10Z
dc.date.available 2023-09-06T20:45:10Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/14087
dc.description.abstract Objectives To assess the values of and attitudes towards the use of rapid SARS-CoV-2 antigen-detection tests for self-testing in a rural and an urban area in Peru. Design Cross-sectional, street-based population survey. Setting A series of over 400 randomly selected street points in Valle del Mantaro and in Lima. Participants 438 respondents (203 female) participated. They were all older than 17 years and provided informed consent for participation. Intervention All respondents answered on the spot, a 35-item questionnaire developed in KoboToolbox. Primary and secondary outcome measures Primary outcomes of interest were: likelihood to use a SARS-CoV-2 self-test; willingness to pay for a SARS-CoV-2 self-test and likelihood to comply with recommended actions following a positive SARS-CoV-2 self-test result. Bivariate analyses and Poisson regression (PR) analyses were performed to identify significant associations between dependent variables and independent variables pertaining to respondents' characteristics, risk perception and previous experiences with conventional COVID-19 testing. Results Of the 438 respondents, 51.49% had previous experience with conventional COVID-19 testing; 20.37% had COVID-19 disease; 86.96% accepted the idea of SARS-CoV-2 self-testing; and, 78.95% would be likely to use it if needed. Almost all (94.75%) would pay for a self-testing device (mean acceptable payment: US$10.4) if it was not provided free of charge by health authorities. Overall, 93.12%, 86.93% and 85.32% would self-isolate, report the results and warn their contacts, respectively. Being a female (adjusted PR 1.05, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.09, p<0.018), having completed secondary education (adjusted PR 1.18, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.37, p<0.024) and expressing likelihood to use self-testing (adjusted PR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.16, p<0.0.24) could be predictors of willingness to pay for a self-test. Conclusions Self-testing is perceived as an acceptable approach. Health authorities in Peru should facilitate access to this approach to complement healthcare facilities-led testing efforts for COVID-19. Future research is necessary to understand the impact of self-testing in case detection and pandemic control. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMJ Group
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMJ Open
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject SARS- CoV- 2 en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Cross- sectional survey en_US
dc.subject Population en_US
dc.subject.mesh SARS- CoV- 2
dc.subject.mesh Perú
dc.subject.mesh Estudios Transversales
dc.subject.mesh Población
dc.title SARS-CoV-2 self-testing in Peru: a cross-sectional survey of values and attitudes of the general population en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-068980
dc.relation.issn 2044-6055

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