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Maternal Lineages during the Roman Empire, in the Ancient City of Gadir (Cádiz, Spain): The Search for a Phoenician Identity

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dc.contributor.author Gomes, C.
dc.contributor.author González Wagner, C.
dc.contributor.author Calero-Fresneda, M.
dc.contributor.author Palomo-Díez, S.
dc.contributor.author Lopez Matayoshi, Cesar Yoshi
dc.contributor.author Nogueiro, I.
dc.contributor.author López-Parra, A.M.
dc.contributor.author González, E.L.
dc.contributor.author Pérez, B.P.
dc.contributor.author Basallote, J.M.G.
dc.contributor.author Pajuelo, J.M.
dc.contributor.author Arroyo Pardo, E.
dc.coverage.spatial Cádiz, España
dc.date.accessioned 2023-09-06T20:45:10Z
dc.date.available 2023-09-06T20:45:10Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/14092
dc.description.abstract Phoenicians were probably the first eastern Mediterranean population to establish long-distance connections with the West, namely the Iberian Peninsula, from the final Bronze to the early Iron Age. For a long time, these colonies all over the Mediterranean Sea directly depended on an important city administration, Gadir, the most important metropolis in the Western Mediterranean. Modern archaeological excavations were discovered in Cadiz (Spain), the ancient city of Gadir, as well as possible Phoenician burial places. The purpose of the present work is the molecular study of 16 individuals, (V–IV millennium B.C, V A.D.) from several burial places found in Cadiz, attempting to disclose their maternal biogeographical ancestry. Furthermore, the determination of a possible biological link between two individuals found buried together was also an objective of this investigation. Of all the 16 analyzed individuals, eight of them produced positive results. Three main lineages were found: HV0, H and L3b. In general, the results support an Eastern origin for this set of individuals, reinforcing the theory of a Phoenician origin. Due to their historical period, in some cases, it was not possible to discard a Roman origin. Finally, the maternal kinship between two individuals found buried together was discarded. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartofseries Genealogy
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Phoenicians en_US
dc.subject Iberia Peninsula en_US
dc.subject Maternal lineage en_US
dc.subject MtDNA sequencing en_US
dc.subject Kinship en_US
dc.subject.mesh España
dc.subject.mesh Portugal
dc.subject.mesh Linaje
dc.subject.mesh ADN Mitocondrial
dc.subject.mesh Relaciones Familiares
dc.title Maternal Lineages during the Roman Empire, in the Ancient City of Gadir (Cádiz, Spain): The Search for a Phoenician Identity en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/genealogy7020027
dc.relation.issn 2313-5778

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