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Association between maternity leave policies and postpartum depression: a systematic review

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dc.contributor.author Hidalgo Padilla, Liliana Milagros
dc.contributor.author Toyama Galla, Jorge Mauricio
dc.contributor.author Zafra-Tanaka, Jessica Hanae
dc.contributor.author Vives, Alejandra
dc.contributor.author Diez-Canseco Montero, Francisco
dc.date.accessioned 2023-09-06T20:45:10Z
dc.date.available 2023-09-06T20:45:10Z
dc.date.issued 2023
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/14093
dc.description.abstract Purpose: Working mothers are at greater risk for postpartum depression. Maternity leave characteristics, including length, wage replacement and employment protection, could have relevant implications for mothers’ mental health. We propose to explore whether there is an association between maternity leave characteristics and postpartum depression. Methods: We conducted a systematic review searching for randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental, cohort or cross-sectional studies on five databases using search terms including maternity and parental leave and depression, as well as references in relevant articles. We identified 500 articles and included 23 of those. We used the EPHPP Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies to assess the quality of the studies. Results: Paid and longer maternity leaves tend to be associated with a reduction of postpartum depression symptoms in high-income countries. No studies explored the association between employment protection and postpartum depression. The quality of studies ranged from strong to weak, mostly influenced by study design. Conclusion: More restrictive maternity leave policies tend to be associated with higher rates of postpartum depression, although more research needs to be conducted in the Global South. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartofseries Archives of Women's Mental Health
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Postpartum depression en_US
dc.subject Maternity leave en_US
dc.subject Health policy en_US
dc.subject Employment rights en_US
dc.subject.mesh Depresión Posparto
dc.subject.mesh Permiso Parental
dc.subject.mesh Política de Salud
dc.subject.mesh Derecho al Trabajo
dc.title Association between maternity leave policies and postpartum depression: a systematic review en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/review
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-023-01350-z
dc.relation.issn 1435-1102

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