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Addressing the impact of urban exposure on the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: The PERU MIGRANT Study

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dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Alejos, Andrea
dc.contributor.author Carrillo-Larco, Rodrigo M.
dc.contributor.author Miranda, J. Jaime
dc.contributor.author Anderson, Cheryl A. M.
dc.contributor.author Gilman, Robert H.
dc.contributor.author Smeeth, Liam
dc.contributor.author Bernabé-Ortiz, Antonio
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-30T02:09:29Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-30T02:09:29Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/3993
dc.description.abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of T2DM in three population groups: rural, rural-to-urban migrants and urban dwellers. Data from the PERU MIGRANT Study was analysed. The baseline assessment was conducted in 2007-2008 using a single-stage random sample and further follow-up was undertaken in 2015-16. T2DM was defined based on fasting glucose and self-reported diagnosis. Poisson regression models and robust variance to account for cluster effects were used for reporting risk ratios (RR) and 95%CI. At baseline, T2DM prevalence was 8% in urban, 3.6% in rural-to-urban migrants and 1.5% in rural dwellers. After 7.7 (SD: 1.1) years, 6,076 person-years of follow-up, 61 new cases were identified. The incidence rates in the urban, migrant and rural groups were 1.6, 0.9 and 0.5 per 100 person-years, respectively. Relative to rural dwellers, a 4.3-fold higher risk (95%CI: 1.6-11.9) for developing T2DM was found in urban dwellers and 2.7-fold higher (95%CI: 1.1-6.8) in migrants with ≥30 years of urban exposure. Migration and urban exposure were found as significant risk factors for developing T2DM. Within-country migration is a sociodemographic phenomenon occurring worldwide; thus, it is necessary to disentangle the effect of urban exposure on non-healthy habits and T2DM development. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:2045-2322
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject UNAVAILABLE en_US
dc.title Addressing the impact of urban exposure on the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: The PERU MIGRANT Study en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23812-6
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE

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