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Low prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health in Peru

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dc.contributor.author Benziger, Catherine P.
dc.contributor.author Zavala-Loayza, José Alfredo
dc.contributor.author Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Gilman, Robert H.
dc.contributor.author Checkley, William
dc.contributor.author Smeeth, Liam
dc.contributor.author Malaga, German
dc.contributor.author Miranda, Juan Jaime
dc.contributor.author CRONICAS Cohort Study Group
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-30T17:17:15Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-30T17:17:15Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4112
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: The prevalence of and factors associated with ideal cardiovascular health (ICH) by sociodemographic characteristics in Peru is not well known. METHODS: The American Heart Association's ICH score comprised 3 ideal health factors (blood pressure, untreated total cholesterol and glucose) and 4 ideal health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, high physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption). ICH was having 5 to 7 of the ideal health metrics. Baseline data from the Center of Excellence in Chronic Diseases, a prospective cohort study in adults aged ≥35 years in 4 Peruvian settings, was used (n=3058). RESULTS: No one met all 7 of ICH metrics while 322 (10.5%) had ≤1 metric. Fasting plasma glucose was the most prevalent health factor (72%). Overall, compared with ages 35-44 years, the 55-64 years age group was associated with a lower prevalence of ICH (prevalence ratio 0.54, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.74, P<0.001). Compared with those in the lowest tertile of socioeconomic status, those in the middle and highest tertiles were less likely to have ICH after adjusting for sex, age and education (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: There is a low prevalence of ICH. This is a benchmark for the prevalence of ICH factors and behaviours in a resource-poor setting. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1468-201X
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject epidemiology en_US
dc.subject obesity en_US
dc.subject cardiac risk factors and prevention en_US
dc.subject global disease patterns en_US
dc.title Low prevalence of ideal cardiovascular health in Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2017-312255
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.04


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