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Micro-remains, ENSO, and environmental reconstruction of El Paraíso, Peru, a late preceramic site

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dc.contributor.author Caramanica, Ari
dc.contributor.author Quilter, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.author Huaman, Luis
dc.contributor.author Villanueva, Fiorella
dc.contributor.author Morales, Claudia R.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-01T00:04:15Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-01T00:04:15Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4248
dc.description.abstract The transition from the Middle Preceramic (8000-4500 cal BP) to the Late Preceramic Period (4450-3800 cal BP) in coastal Peru witnessed a dramatic change in both resource management and subsistence practices: lomas environments were abandoned in favor of riparian and littoral ecozones, while hunting and gathering was increasingly replaced by agriculture. The reason behind this transition remains a subject of debate; it has been attributed to population pressure, the development of domesticates, especially maize, environmental degradation or climate change. A recent regional study (Beresford-Jones et al., 2015) supports the 1960s Edward Lanning hypothesis that a combination of environmental and climate change forced Middle Preceramic occupants to move toward the river estuaries on the South Coast. Here, microbotanical data from the Late Preceramic site of El Paraiso on the Central Coast of Peru tests the Lanning hypothesis at the site-scale. The data demonstrate that inhabitants practiced a seasonal, Broad-Spectrum strategy by taking advantage of an ENSO-related florescence. Meanwhile, a trend toward increased salinity of nearby marshlands impacted the continued occupation of the site. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1095-9238
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject agriculture en_US
dc.subject archaeobotany en_US
dc.subject Central coast Peru en_US
dc.subject ecological niches en_US
dc.subject ENSO adaptation en_US
dc.subject environmental reconstruction en_US
dc.subject lomas en_US
dc.subject microremains en_US
dc.subject Phytoliths en_US
dc.subject pollen en_US
dc.subject preceramic en_US
dc.subject resource strategy en_US
dc.title Micro-remains, ENSO, and environmental reconstruction of El Paraíso, Peru, a late preceramic site en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.11.026

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