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Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students and same-aged peers: results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys

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dc.contributor.author Mortier, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Auerbach, Randy P.
dc.contributor.author Alonso, Jordi
dc.contributor.author Axinn, William G.
dc.contributor.author Cuijpers, Pim
dc.contributor.author Ebert, David D.
dc.contributor.author Green, Jennifer G.
dc.contributor.author Hwang, Irving
dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.contributor.author Liu, Howard
dc.contributor.author Nock, Matthew K.
dc.contributor.author Pinder-Amaker, Stephanie
dc.contributor.author Sampson, Nancy A.
dc.contributor.author Zaslavsky, Alan M.
dc.contributor.author Abdulmalik, Jibril
dc.contributor.author Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio
dc.contributor.author Al-Hamzawi, Ali
dc.contributor.author Benjet, Corina
dc.contributor.author Demyttenaere, Koen
dc.contributor.author Florescu, Silvia
dc.contributor.author De Girolamo, Giovanni
dc.contributor.author Gureje, Oye
dc.contributor.author Maria Haro, Josep
dc.contributor.author Hu, Chiyi
dc.contributor.author Huang, Yueqin
dc.contributor.author De Jonge, Peter
dc.contributor.author Karam, Elie G.
dc.contributor.author Kiejna, Andrzej
dc.contributor.author Kovess-Masfety, Viviane
dc.contributor.author Lee, Sing
dc.contributor.author Mcgrath, John J.
dc.contributor.author O'neill, Siobhan
dc.contributor.author Nakov, Vladimir
dc.contributor.author Pennell, Beth-Ellen
dc.contributor.author Piazza, Marina
dc.contributor.author Posada-Villa, Jose
dc.contributor.author Rapsey, Charlene
dc.contributor.author Viana, Maria Carmen
dc.contributor.author Xavier, Miguel
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, Ronny
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-01T00:04:15Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-01T00:04:15Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4258
dc.description.abstract The primary aims are to (1) obtain representative prevalence estimates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) among college students worldwide and (2) investigate whether STB is related to matriculation to and attrition from college. Data from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys were analyzed, which include face-to-face interviews with 5750 young adults aged 18-22 spanning 21 countries (weighted mean response rate = 71.4%). Standardized STB prevalence estimates were calculated for four well-defined groups of same-aged peers: college students, college attriters (i.e., dropouts), secondary school graduates who never entered college, and secondary school non-graduates. Logistic regression assessed the association between STB and college entrance as well as attrition from college. Twelve-month STB in college students was 1.9%, a rate significantly lower than same-aged peers not in college (3.4%; OR 0.5; p < 0.01). Lifetime prevalence of STB with onset prior to age 18 among college entrants (i.e., college students or attriters) was 7.2%, a rate significantly lower than among non-college attenders (i.e., secondary school graduates or non-graduates; 8.2%; OR 0.7; p = 0.03). Pre-matriculation onset STB (but not post-matriculation onset STB) increased the odds of college attrition (OR 1.7; p < 0.01). STB with onset prior to age 18 is associated with reduced likelihood of college entrance as well as greater attrition from college. Future prospective research should investigate the causality of these associations and determine whether targeting onset and persistence of childhood-adolescent onset STB leads to improved educational attainment. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1433-9285
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Academic performance en_US
dc.subject College student en_US
dc.subject Suicidal thoughts and behaviors en_US
dc.subject Young adult en_US
dc.title Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students and same-aged peers: results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-018-1481-6
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.24
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.09
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00

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