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Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru

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dc.contributor.author Carnero, Andres M.
dc.contributor.author Mayta-Tristan, Percy
dc.contributor.author Konda, Kelika A.
dc.contributor.author Mezones-Holguin, Edward
dc.contributor.author Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Alvarado, German F.
dc.contributor.author Canelo-Aybar, Carlos
dc.contributor.author Maguina, Jorge L.
dc.contributor.author Segura, Eddy R.
dc.contributor.author Quispe, Antonio M.
dc.contributor.author Smith, Edward S.
dc.contributor.author Bayer, Angela M.
dc.contributor.author Lescano, Andres G.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-25T15:28:07Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-25T15:28:07Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4722
dc.description.abstract Plagiarism is a serious, yet widespread type of research misconduct, and is often neglected in developing countries. Despite its far-reaching implications, plagiarism is poorly acknowledged and discussed in the academic setting, and insufficient evidence exists in Latin America and developing countries to inform the development of preventive strategies. In this context, we present a longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes (2011-2014) of an Epidemiology Masters program in Lima, Peru, and describes the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted, "zero-tolerance" policy aimed at introducing research integrity. Two cases involved cheating in graded assignments, and five cases correspond to plagiarism in the thesis protocol. Cases revealed poor awareness of high tolerance to plagiarism, poor academic performance, and widespread writing deficiencies, compensated with patchwriting and copy-pasting. Depending on the events' severity, penalties included course failure (6/7) and separation from the program (3/7). Students at fault did not engage in further plagiarism. Between 2011 and 2013, the Masters program sequentially introduced a preventive policy consisting of: (i) intensified research integrity and scientific writing education, (ii) a stepwise, cumulative writing process; (iii) honor codes; (iv) active search for plagiarism in all academic products; and (v) a "zero-tolerance" policy in response to documented cases. No cases were detected in 2014. In conclusion, plagiarism seems to be widespread in resource-limited settings and a greater response with educational and zero-tolerance components is needed to prevent it. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1471-5546
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Deception en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Cheating en_US
dc.subject Ethics, Research en_US
dc.subject Graduate education en_US
dc.subject Plagiarism en_US
dc.subject Research integrity en_US
dc.subject Scientific Misconduct en_US
dc.subject Education, Graduate/ethics/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.title Plagiarism, Cheating and Research Integrity: Case Studies from a Masters Program in Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-016-9820-z
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.02|https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.033

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