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Socioeconomic Status Is Not Related with Facial Fluctuating Asymmetry: Evidence from Latin-American Populations

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dc.contributor.author Quinto-Sanchez, Mirsha
dc.contributor.author Cintas, Celia
dc.contributor.author Silva de Cerqueira, Caio Cesar
dc.contributor.author Ramallo, Virginia
dc.contributor.author Acuna-Alonzo, Victor
dc.contributor.author Adhikari, Kaustubh
dc.contributor.author Castillo, Lucia
dc.contributor.author Gomez-Valdes, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Everardo, Paola
dc.contributor.author De Avila, Francisco
dc.contributor.author Hunemeier, Tabita
dc.contributor.author Jaramillo, Claudia
dc.contributor.author Arias, Williams
dc.contributor.author Fuentes, Macarena
dc.contributor.author Gallo, Carla
dc.contributor.author Poletti, Giovani
dc.contributor.author Schuler-Faccini, Lavinia
dc.contributor.author Bortolini, Maria Catira
dc.contributor.author Canizales-Quinteros, Samuel
dc.contributor.author Rothhammer, Francisco
dc.contributor.author Bedoya, Gabriel
dc.contributor.author Rosique, Javier
dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Linares, Andres
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez-Jose, Rolando
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-25T16:03:20Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-25T16:03:20Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4760
dc.description.abstract The expression of facial asymmetries has been recurrently related with poverty and/or disadvantaged socioeconomic status. Departing from the developmental instability theory, previous approaches attempted to test the statistical relationship between the stress experienced by individuals grown in poor conditions and an increase in facial and corporal asymmetry. Here we aim to further evaluate such hypothesis on a large sample of admixed Latin Americans individuals by exploring if low socioeconomic status individuals tend to exhibit greater facial fluctuating asymmetry values. To do so, we implement Procrustes analysis of variance and Hierarchical Linear Modelling (HLM) to estimate potential associations between facial fluctuating asymmetry values and socioeconomic status. We report significant relationships between facial fluctuating asymmetry values and age, sex, and genetic ancestry, while socioeconomic status failed to exhibit any strong statistical relationship with facial asymmetry. These results are persistent after the effect of heterozygosity (a proxy for genetic ancestry) is controlled in the model. Our results indicate that, at least on the studied sample, there is no relationship between socioeconomic stress (as intended as low socioeconomic status) and facial asymmetries. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher PLoS
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1932-6203
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Facial Asymmetry/epidemiology/genetics en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Heterozygote en_US
dc.subject Hispanic Americans/genetics en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Middle Aged en_US
dc.subject Social Class en_US
dc.subject Young Adult en_US
dc.title Socioeconomic Status Is Not Related with Facial Fluctuating Asymmetry: Evidence from Latin-American Populations en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0169287
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.04.00
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.12


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