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Biological kinship analysis in extremely critical samples: The case of a Spanish Neolithic necropolis

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dc.contributor.author Gomes, C.
dc.contributor.author Gibaja, J. F.
dc.contributor.author Buxó, J. R. I.
dc.contributor.author Baeza-Richer, C.
dc.contributor.author López-Matayoshi, C.
dc.contributor.author López-Parra, A. M.
dc.contributor.author Palomo-Díez, S.
dc.contributor.author Subirà, M. E.
dc.contributor.author Arroyo-Pardo, E.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-25T16:20:57Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-25T16:20:57Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4808
dc.description.abstract It is common in archeology and some forensic cases to make assumptions about the relationship between persons buried in the same grave, or in distinct burials but in the same cemetery. However, there is no objective criterion to make such suppositions. This study aims to investigate the biological relationship among six Neolithic individuals (4200–3400 cal BC) from the Can Gambús-1 necropolis (Barcelona, Spain) as well as, their possible mitochondrial ancestry. From at least 47 tombs, six skeletons were selected, from six individual graves, selecting from each one three integral teeth, without cavities or caries. To carry out this study, the samples were analyzed by two distinct extraction methods, one destructive and other non-destructive, and to determine a presumptive (biological) kinship between the buried individuals, small length nuclear DNA markers were considered, as well as a mitochondrial DNA analysis, in order to determine their maternal lineage. The samples were extremely degraded, requiring several attempts to achieve sequences with a standard quality, without double peaks or other artefacts. Despite the degraded state of the samples, it has been possible to analyze the mitochondrial information and to determine that the studied individuals had a European ancestry, and were not maternally related, since they did not share the same mitochondrial haplotype. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:0379-0738
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject cell nucleus DNA en_US
dc.subject consanguinity en_US
dc.subject Critical DNA en_US
dc.subject dental caries en_US
dc.subject DNA sequence en_US
dc.subject gene amplification en_US
dc.subject haplogroup en_US
dc.subject haplotype en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject Kinship analysis en_US
dc.subject mitochondrial DNA en_US
dc.subject mouth cavity en_US
dc.subject mtDNA en_US
dc.subject Neolithic en_US
dc.subject Neolithic burial en_US
dc.subject phylogenetic tree en_US
dc.subject priority journal en_US
dc.subject skeleton en_US
dc.subject Spain en_US
dc.subject tooth en_US
dc.title Biological kinship analysis in extremely critical samples: The case of a Spanish Neolithic necropolis en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigss.2017.09.154
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE

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