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The association between psychotic experiences and disability: results from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

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dc.contributor.author Navarro-Mateu, F.
dc.contributor.author Alonso, J.
dc.contributor.author Lim, C. C. W.
dc.contributor.author Saha, S.
dc.contributor.author Aguilar-Gaxiola, S.
dc.contributor.author Al-Hamzawi, A.
dc.contributor.author Andrade, L. H.
dc.contributor.author Bromet, E. J.
dc.contributor.author Bruffaerts, R.
dc.contributor.author Chatterji, S.
dc.contributor.author Degenhardt, L.
dc.contributor.author de Girolamo, G.
dc.contributor.author de Jonge, P.
dc.contributor.author Fayyad, J.
dc.contributor.author Florescu, S.
dc.contributor.author Gureje, O.
dc.contributor.author Haro, J. M.
dc.contributor.author Hu, C.
dc.contributor.author Karam, E. G.
dc.contributor.author Kovess-Masfety, V.
dc.contributor.author Lee, S.
dc.contributor.author Medina-Mora, M. E.
dc.contributor.author Ojagbemi, A.
dc.contributor.author Pennell, B. E.
dc.contributor.author Piazza, M.
dc.contributor.author Posada-Villa, J.
dc.contributor.author Scott, K. M.
dc.contributor.author Stagnaro, J. C.
dc.contributor.author Xavier, M.
dc.contributor.author Kendler, K. S.
dc.contributor.author Kessler, R. C.
dc.contributor.author McGrath, J. J.
dc.contributor.author WHO World Mental Health Survey
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-25T16:20:58Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-25T16:20:58Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4813
dc.description.abstract Objective: While psychotic experiences (PEs) are known to be associated with a range of mental and general medical disorders, little is known about the association between PEs and measures of disability. We aimed to investigate this question using the World Mental Health surveys. Method: Lifetime occurrences of six types of PEs were assessed along with 21 mental disorders and 14 general medical conditions. Disability was assessed with a modified version of the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between PEs and high disability scores (top quartile) with various adjustments. Results: Respondents with PEs were more likely to have top quartile scores on global disability than respondents without PEs (19.1% vs. 7.5%; chi(2) = 190.1, P < 0.001) as well as greater likelihood of cognitive, social, and role impairment. Relationships persisted in each adjusted model. A significant dose-response relationship was also found for the PE type measures with most of these outcomes. Conclusions: Psychotic experiences are associated with disability measures with a dose-response relationship. These results are consistent with the view that PEs are associated with disability regardless of the presence of comorbid mental or general medical disorders. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1600-0447
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Psychiatry en_US
dc.subject metaanalysis en_US
dc.subject symptoms en_US
dc.subject risk en_US
dc.subject quality-of-life en_US
dc.subject birth cohort en_US
dc.subject delusional-like experiences en_US
dc.subject general-population en_US
dc.subject assessment-schedule-ii en_US
dc.subject disability en_US
dc.subject Disability Assessment Schedule en_US
dc.subject disorders en_US
dc.subject Health Organization en_US
dc.subject organization en_US
dc.subject psychotic experiences en_US
dc.subject World en_US
dc.subject World Mental Health Survey en_US
dc.title The association between psychotic experiences and disability: results from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/acps.12749
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.24

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