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Clinical presentation of neurocysticercosis-related epilepsy

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dc.contributor.author Duque, Kevin R.
dc.contributor.author Burneo, Jorge G.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-25T16:59:36Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-25T16:59:36Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/4878
dc.description.abstract Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most common parasitic infection of the central nervous system and a major risk factor for seizures and epilepsy. Seizure types in NCC vary largely across studies and seizure semiology is poorly understood. We discuss here the studies regarding seizure types and seizure semiology in NCC, and examine the clinical presentation in patients with NCC and drug-resistant epilepsy. We also provide evidence of the role of MRI and EEG in the diagnosis of NCC-related epilepsy. Focal seizures are reported in 60-90% of patients with NCC-related epilepsy, and around 90% of all seizures registered prospectively are focal not evolving to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures. A great number of cases suggest that seizure semiology is topographically related to NCC lesions. Patients with hippocampal sclerosis and NCC have different clinical and neurophysiological characteristics than those with hippocampal sclerosis alone. Different MRI protocols have allowed to better differentiate NCC from other etiologies. Lesions' stages might account on the chances of finding an interictal epileptiform discharge. Studies pursuing the seizure onset in patients with NCC are lacking and they are specially needed to determine both whether the reported events of individual cases are seizures, and whether they are related to the NCC lesion or lesions. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled "Neurocysticercosis and Epilepsy". en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1525-5069
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Electroencephalography en_US
dc.subject Electroencephalography/methods en_US
dc.subject Epilepsy en_US
dc.subject Magnetic Resonance Imaging en_US
dc.subject Neurocysticercosis en_US
dc.subject Seizure semiology en_US
dc.subject Seizure type en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Drug Resistant Epilepsy/complications en_US
dc.subject Epilepsy/etiology en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Neurocysticercosis/complications/diagnostic imaging en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Seizures/diagnosis en_US
dc.title Clinical presentation of neurocysticercosis-related epilepsy en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/review
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.08.008
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE

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