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The cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV intermittent explosive disorder

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dc.contributor.author Scott, K. M.
dc.contributor.author Lim, C. C. W.
dc.contributor.author Hwang, I.
dc.contributor.author Adamowski, T.
dc.contributor.author Al-Hamzawi, A.
dc.contributor.author Bromet, E.
dc.contributor.author Bunting, B.
dc.contributor.author Ferrand, M. P.
dc.contributor.author Florescu, S.
dc.contributor.author Gureje, O.
dc.contributor.author Hinkov, H.
dc.contributor.author Hu, C.
dc.contributor.author Karam, E.
dc.contributor.author Lee, S.
dc.contributor.author Posada-Villa, J.
dc.contributor.author Stein, D.
dc.contributor.author Tachimori, H.
dc.contributor.author Viana, M. C.
dc.contributor.author Xavier, M.
dc.contributor.author Kessler, R. C.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:45:59Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:45:59Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5159
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: This is the first cross-national study of intermittent explosive disorder (IED). METHOD: A total of 17 face-to-face cross-sectional household surveys of adults were conducted in 16 countries (n = 88 063) as part of the World Mental Health Surveys initiative. The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0) assessed DSM-IV IED, using a conservative definition. RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of IED ranged across countries from 0.1 to 2.7% with a weighted average of 0.8%; 0.4 and 0.3% met criteria for 12-month and 30-day prevalence, respectively. Sociodemographic correlates of lifetime risk of IED were being male, young, unemployed, divorced or separated, and having less education. The median age of onset of IED was 17 years with an interquartile range across countries of 13-23 years. The vast majority (81.7%) of those with lifetime IED met criteria for at least one other lifetime disorder; co-morbidity was highest with alcohol abuse and depression. Of those with 12-month IED, 39% reported severe impairment in at least one domain, most commonly social or relationship functioning. Prior traumatic experiences involving physical (non-combat) or sexual violence were associated with increased risk of IED onset. CONCLUSIONS: Conservatively defined, IED is a low prevalence disorder but this belies the true societal costs of IED in terms of the effects of explosive anger attacks on families and relationships. IED is more common among males, the young, the socially disadvantaged and among those with prior exposure to violence, especially in childhood. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1469-8978
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Cross-national studies en_US
dc.subject DSM-IV en_US
dc.subject epidemiology en_US
dc.subject intermittent explosive disorder en_US
dc.subject World Mental Health Surveys en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Africa/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Age of Onset en_US
dc.subject Alcoholism/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Asia/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Comorbidity en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject Depressive Disorder/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders en_US
dc.subject Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Europe/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Latin America/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Middle East/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Psychological Trauma/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Sex Offenses/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires en_US
dc.subject United States/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Violence/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Young Adult en_US
dc.title The cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV intermittent explosive disorder en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291716001859


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