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Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections, Including HIV, Among Young People in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of the Published and Gray Literature

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dc.contributor.author Kalamar, Amanda-M.
dc.contributor.author Bayer, Angela-M.
dc.contributor.author Hindin, Michelle-J.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:51:20Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:51:20Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5222
dc.description.abstract Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, are prevalent among adolescents and can have lasting adverse health consequences. The objective of this review is to identify high-quality interventions and evaluations to decrease STI transmission and related risky behaviors among young people in low- and middle-income countries. PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, Cinahl Plus, Popline, and the Cochrane Databases were searched without language limitations for articles published through November 2015. Gray literature was searched by hand. Reference tracing was utilized, as well as the unpacking of systematic reviews. Retained articles were those that were evaluated as having high-quality interventions and evaluations using standardized scoring. Twenty-one high-quality interventions and evaluations were abstracted. Three reported declines in STI diagnoses, three reported declines in STI symptoms, six showed declines in risky sexual behavior, seven reported increases in abstinence, 11 found increases in condom use, and five reported increases in health care utilization. There is a wide range of rigorously evaluated high-quality interventions included in this review that can inform researchers, donors, and policy makers about where to make strategic investments to decrease the spread of STIs, including HIV. With the recent advent of biomarkers, researchers can use a gold standard measure to assess intervention impact. The diversity of interventions can allow decision makers to tailor interventions to the context, age range, and gender of the target population. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1879-1972
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Abstinence en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Condom use en_US
dc.subject Health Education en_US
dc.subject HIV en_US
dc.subject Low-income countries en_US
dc.subject Middle-income countries en_US
dc.subject Sexual Behavior/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Sexual risk behavior en_US
dc.subject Sexually transmitted infections en_US
dc.subject STIs en_US
dc.subject Young adult en_US
dc.subject Youth en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Condoms/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Developing Countries en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject HIV Infections/prevention & control en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Risk-Taking en_US
dc.subject Safe Sex/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control en_US
dc.subject Young Adult en_US
dc.title Interventions to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections, Including HIV, Among Young People in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review of the Published and Gray Literature en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/review
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.05.020
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.03
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.05


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