DSpace Repository

Disability, caregiver's dependency and patterns of access to rehabilitation care: results from a national representative study in Peru

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Bernabé Ortiz, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Diez-Canseco Montero, Francisco
dc.contributor.author Vasquez, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Miranda, J. Jaime
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:52:19Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:52:19Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5304
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of disability in Peru, explore dependency on caregiver's assistance and assess access to rehabilitation care. METHOD: Data from Disability National Survey (ENEDIS), including urban and rural areas, were analyzed. Disability was defined as a permanent limitation on movement, vision, communication, hearing, learning/remembering or social relationships. Dependency was defined as the self-reported need for a caregiver to help with daily activities; and access to rehabilitation care was defined as the self-report of any therapy for disabilities. Estimates and projections were calculated using sample strata, primary sampling units and population weights, and prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95%CI were reported. RESULTS: From 798,308 people screened, 37,524 (5.1%; 95%CI 4.9--5.2%) had at least one disability. A total of 37,117 were included in further analysis, mean age 57.8 (SD +/- 24.1) years, 52.1% women. Dependency was self-reported by 14,980 (40.5%; 95%CI: 39.2-41.9%) individuals with disabilities. A family member, usually female, was identified as a caregiver in 94.3% (95%CI: 93.3-95.3%) of dependent participants. Only 2881 (10.7%; 95%CI: 9.7-11.9%) of people with disabilities reported access to rehabilitation care. Major inequality patterns of disability burden versus access to rehabilitation care were observed by age and education level. Older age groups had higher disability burden yet lower chances of access to rehabilitation care. Conversely, the higher the education level, the lesser the overall disability burden but also the higher chances of reporting receiving care. Private healthcare insurance doubled the probability of having access to rehabilitation compared with those without insurance. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 1.6 million Peruvians have at least one disability, and 40% of them require assistance with daily activities. Informal caregiving, likely female and relative-provided, is highly common. Rehabilitation care access is low and inequitable. Our results signal a major need to implement strategies to guarantee the highest standard of health care for people with disabilities. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION: Major inequality patterns in terms of burden of disability versus access to rehabilitation care were observed: those groups who concentrate more disability reported receiving less rehabilitation care. Caregiving is mostly informal and provided by a direct relative, mainly a woman, who resigned to their usual activities in order to help care for the person with disability. As a result, there is a need to develop appropriate support and training for caregivers. Access to care services in Peru is low and inequitable, but especially for people with disabilities: they experience greater barriers when accessing healthcare services even in the case of having health insurance. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis
dc.relation.ispartofseries Disability and Rehabilitation
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Young Adult en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject Aged en_US
dc.subject Aged, 80 and over en_US
dc.subject Middle Aged en_US
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors en_US
dc.subject Rural Population en_US
dc.subject Cost of Illness en_US
dc.subject Self Report en_US
dc.subject Activities of daily living en_US
dc.subject Multivariate Analysis en_US
dc.subject Urban Population en_US
dc.subject care en_US
dc.subject Disabled Persons/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Dependency (Psychology) en_US
dc.subject care givers en_US
dc.subject Caregivers/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Healthcare Disparities/standards en_US
dc.subject Regression Analysis en_US
dc.title Disability, caregiver's dependency and patterns of access to rehabilitation care: results from a national representative study in Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2015.1051246
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.17
dc.relation.issn 1464-5165

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess

Search DSpace


My Account