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Wealth index and risk of childhood overweight and obesity: evidence from four prospective cohorts in Peru and Vietnam

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dc.contributor.author Carrillo Larco, Rodrigo Martín
dc.contributor.author Miranda, J. Jaime
dc.contributor.author Bernabé Ortiz, Antonio
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:52:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:52:37Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5332
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence and risk of childhood overweight and obesity according to socioeconomic status in Peruvian and Vietnamese school-aged children. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Young Lives study were analyzed. Exposure was wealth index in tertiles. Outcome was overweight and obesity. Cumulative incidence per 100 children-years, relative risks (RR), and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) were calculated. A hierarchical approach, including child- and family-related variables, was followed to construct multivariable models. RESULTS: The cumulative incidence of overweight and obesity was 4.8 (95 % CI 4.1-5.5) and 1.7 (95 % CI 1.3-2.2) in the younger and older Peruvian cohort, respectively; and in Vietnam 1.5 (95 % CI 1.2-1.8) and 0.3 (95 % CI 0.2-0.5), respectively. The incidence of overweight and obesity was higher at the top wealth index tertile in all samples. In the older cohorts, comparing highest versus bottom wealth index tertile, RR of overweight and obesity was four to nine times higher: 4.25 in Peru (95 % CI 2.21-8.18) and 9.11 in Vietnam (95 % CI 1.07-77.42). CONCLUSIONS: The results provide important information for childhood obesity prevention in countries moving ahead with economic, epidemiological and nutritional transitions. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Frontiers Media
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Public Health
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Child, Preschool en_US
dc.subject Peru/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Prospective Studies en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Age Factors en_US
dc.subject Longitudinal Studies en_US
dc.subject Developing countries en_US
dc.subject Vietnam en_US
dc.subject Incidence en_US
dc.subject Social Class en_US
dc.subject Prospective studies en_US
dc.subject Body Mass Index en_US
dc.subject Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Income/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Overweight/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Pediatric obesity en_US
dc.subject Social class en_US
dc.subject Vietnam/epidemiology en_US
dc.title Wealth index and risk of childhood overweight and obesity: evidence from four prospective cohorts in Peru and Vietnam en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-015-0767-7
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.05
dc.relation.issn 1661-8564

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