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Depressive Mood Among Within-Country Migrants in Periurban Shantytowns of Lima, Peru

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dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Grosso, Paulo
dc.contributor.author Bernabé Ortiz, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Diez-Canseco Montero, Francisco
dc.contributor.author Gilman, Robert Hugh
dc.contributor.author Checkley, William
dc.contributor.author Bennett, Ian M.
dc.contributor.author Miranda, J. Jaime
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:52:39Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:52:39Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5350
dc.description.abstract In low- and middle-income countries, migration to urban settings has reshaped the sprawl and socio demographic profiles of major cities. Depressive episodes make up a large portion of the burden of disease worldwide and are related to socio-demographic disruptions. As a result of terrorism, political upheaval, followed by economic development, Peru has undergone major demographic transitions over the previous three decades including large migrations within the country. We aimed to determine the prevalence of current depressive mood and its relationship with parameters of internal migration, i.e. region of origin, age at migration, and years since migration. A community-wide census was carried out between January and June 2010 within a shantytown immigrant receiving community in Lima, Peru. One male or female adult per household completed a survey. Depressive mood was assessed with a 2-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) scale. Migration-related variables included place of birth, duration of residence in Lima, and age at migration. Prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. A total of 8,551 out of 9,561 participants, response rate 89%, participated in the census. Of these, 8,091 records were analyzed: 71.8% were women [average age 39.4 (SD 13.9 years)] and 59.3% were immigrants. The overall prevalence of individuals with current depressive mood was 17.1% (95% CI 16.2-17.9%) and varied significantly by all socio-demographic and migration variables assessed. On unadjusted analyses, immigrants to Lima had higher prevalence of depressive mood if they originated in other costal or Andean areas, had lived in Lima for more than 20 years, or were <30 years of age when they out-migrated. When controlling for age, gender and socio-demographic variables the association was no longer significant, the only exception being a 20% lower prevalence of current depressive mood among those who out-migrated aged >/=30 years old (PR = 0.79; 95% CI 0.63-0.98). In conclusion, these results suggest that current depressive mood is very prevalent in this immigrant receiving community. Among all proxies for internal migration explored, in fully adjusted models, there was evidence of an association between age at migration (>/=30 years old) and a lower probability of current depressive mood compared to non-migrants. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Time Factors en_US
dc.subject Middle Aged en_US
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Age Factors en_US
dc.subject Sex Factors en_US
dc.subject Adults en_US
dc.subject Mental health en_US
dc.subject Depression en_US
dc.subject Migration en_US
dc.subject Urban Population en_US
dc.subject Transients and Migrants/psychology en_US
dc.subject Residence Characteristics en_US
dc.subject Depression/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Poverty Areas en_US
dc.title Depressive Mood Among Within-Country Migrants in Periurban Shantytowns of Lima, Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-014-0121-9
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.09
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.05
dc.relation.issn 1557-1920

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