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Taenia solium Cysticercosis--The lessons of history

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dc.contributor.author Del Brutto, Oscar H.
dc.contributor.author García Lescano, Héctor Hugo
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:52:41Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:52:41Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5359
dc.description.abstract Human taeniasis as well as porcine and human cysticercosis — caused by the pork tapeworm Taenia solium — are ancient diseases. The fact that pigs were considered impure in the ancient Greece and that the Koran prohibited the consumption of pork, were likely related to the knowledge that cysticercosis may affect swine. Evidence suggests that human cysticercosis was also present in the ancient Egypt and Rome. During the Renaissance, the causative agent was properly identified and human cases were recognized. Confirmation that both taeniasis and cysticercosis were caused by the same parasite was provided during the 19th Century by German pathologists. During the 20th Century, bouts of human cysticercosis in non-endemic regions left us valuable lessons on the mechanisms of disease acquisition and spread. These included a large series of neurocysticercosis cases in the United Kingdom that occurred after the return of troops stationed in India (which demonstrated that symptoms may occur years after infection), the epidemic of cysticercosis-related epilepsy in the Ekari people of Papua New Guinea occurring after the gift of pigs with cysticercosis received from Indonesia (demonstrating the fast establishment of endemic transmission and the impact of cysticercosis in epilepsy frequency), and the occurrence of neurocysticercosis among members of an Orthodox Jewish community of New York City, related to Latin American Taenia carriers working in their houses (highlighting the fact that cysticercosis transmission do not require the presence of infected pigs). These lessons of history have significantly contributed to our current knowledge on this disease. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartofseries Journal of the Neurological Sciences
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Animals en_US
dc.subject Cysticercosis en_US
dc.subject Neurocysticercosis en_US
dc.subject Taenia solium en_US
dc.subject Epilepsy en_US
dc.subject History, Ancient en_US
dc.subject Taenia solium/pathogenicity en_US
dc.subject History, 19th Century en_US
dc.subject Cysticercosis/complications/epidemiology/history/parasitology en_US
dc.subject History en_US
dc.subject History, 17th Century en_US
dc.subject History, 18th Century en_US
dc.subject Pigs en_US
dc.title Taenia solium Cysticercosis--The lessons of history en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2015.08.011
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.25
dc.relation.issn 1878-5883

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