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Prevalence of intestinal helminths, anemia, and malnutrition in Paucartambo, Peru

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dc.contributor.author Cabada, Miguel M.
dc.contributor.author Goodrich, Mary R.
dc.contributor.author Graham, Brittany
dc.contributor.author Villanueva-Meyer, Pablo G.
dc.contributor.author Deichsel, Emily L.
dc.contributor.author Lopez, Martha
dc.contributor.author Arque, Eulogia
dc.contributor.author Clinton White, A. Jr
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-06T14:53:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-06T14:53:37Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5426
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infections, anemia, and malnutrition among children in the Paucartambo province of Cusco region, Peru, in light of demographic, socio-economic, and epidemiologic contextual factors. METHODS: Children from three to twelve years old from six communities in Huancarani district in the highlands of Peru were evaluated for helminth infections, anemia, and nutritional status. Data collected included demographic variables, socioeconomic status, exposures, complete blood counts, and direct and sedimentation stool tests. RESULTS: Of 240 children analyzed, 113 (47%) were infected with one or more parasites. Giardia (27.5%) and Fasciola (9.6%) were the most commonly identified organisms. Eosinophilia was encountered in 21% of the children. Anemia (48.8%) was associated with age (3-4 vs 5-12 years old; odds ratio (OR): 5.86; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.81-12.21). Underweight (10%) was associated with male sex (OR: 5.97; CI: 1.12-31.72), higher eosinophil count (OR: 4.67; CI: 1.31-16.68) and education of the mother (OR: 0.6; CI: 0.4-0.9). Stunting (31.3%) was associated with education of the mother (OR: 0.83; CI: 0.72-0.95); wasting (2.7%) was associated with higher eosinophil count (OR: 2.75; CI: 1.04-7.25). CONCLUSIONS: Anemia and malnutrition remain significant problems in the Peruvian highlands. These findings suggest that demographic factors, socio-economic status, and possibly parasitic infections intertwine to cause these health problems. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Pan American Health Organization
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1680-5348
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Child, Preschool en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject Peru/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors en_US
dc.subject Rural Population en_US
dc.subject Social Determinants of Health en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Endemic Diseases en_US
dc.subject Water Supply en_US
dc.subject Educational Status en_US
dc.subject Anthelmintics/therapeutic use en_US
dc.subject Albendazole/therapeutic use en_US
dc.subject Soil/parasitology en_US
dc.subject Anemia/epidemiology/etiology en_US
dc.subject Eosinophilia/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Growth Disorders/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Helminthiasis/epidemiology/prevention & control/transmission en_US
dc.subject Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology/prevention & control/transmission en_US
dc.subject Malnutrition/epidemiology en_US
dc.title Prevalence of intestinal helminths, anemia, and malnutrition in Paucartambo, Peru en_US
dc.title.alternative Prevalencia de helmintiasis intestinal, anemia y desnutrición en Paucartambo, Perú en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10665.2/9359
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.05

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