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Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants

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dc.contributor.author Di Cesare, Mariachiara
dc.contributor.author Bentham, James
dc.contributor.author Stevens, Gretchen A.
dc.contributor.author Zhou, Bin
dc.contributor.author Danaei, Goodarz
dc.contributor.author Lu, Yuan
dc.contributor.author Bixby, Honor
dc.contributor.author Cowan, Melanie J.
dc.contributor.author Riley, Leanne M.
dc.contributor.author Hajifathalian, Kaveh
dc.contributor.author Fortunato, Lea
dc.contributor.author Taddei, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Bennett, James E.
dc.contributor.author Ikeda, Nayu
dc.contributor.author Khang, Young-Ho
dc.contributor.author Kyobutungi, Catherine
dc.contributor.author Laxmaiah, Avula
dc.contributor.author Li, Yanping
dc.contributor.author Lin, Hsien-Ho
dc.contributor.author Miranda, J. Jaime
dc.contributor.author Mostafa, Aya
dc.contributor.author Turley, Maria L.
dc.contributor.author Paciorek, Christopher J.
dc.contributor.author Gunter, Marc
dc.contributor.author Ezzati, Majid
dc.contributor.author Abdeen, Ziad A.
dc.contributor.author Hamid, Zargar Abdul
dc.contributor.author Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M.
dc.contributor.author Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Adams, Robert
dc.contributor.author Aekplakorn, Wichai
dc.contributor.author Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A.
dc.contributor.author Ahmadvand, Alireza
dc.contributor.author Ahrens, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.author Ali, Mohamed M.
dc.contributor.author Alkerwi, Ala'a
dc.contributor.author Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar
dc.contributor.author Aly, Eman
dc.contributor.author Amouyel, Philippe
dc.contributor.author Amuzu, Antoinette
dc.contributor.author Andersen, Lars Bo
dc.contributor.author Anderssen, Sigmund A.
dc.contributor.author Andrade, Dolores S.
dc.contributor.author Anjana, Ranjit Mohan
dc.contributor.author Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer
dc.contributor.author Ariansen, Inger
dc.contributor.author Aris, Tahir
dc.contributor.author Arlappa, Nimmathota
dc.contributor.author Arveiler, Dominique
dc.contributor.author Assah, Felix K.
dc.contributor.author Avdicova, Maria
dc.contributor.author Azizi, Fereidoun
dc.contributor.author Babu, Bontha V.
dc.contributor.author Balakrishna, Nagalla
dc.contributor.author Bandosz, Piotr
dc.contributor.author Banegas, Jose R.
dc.contributor.author Barbagallo, Carlo M.
dc.contributor.author Barcelo, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Barkat, Amina
dc.contributor.author Barros, Mauro V.
dc.contributor.author Bata, Iqbal
dc.contributor.author Batieha, Anwar M.
dc.contributor.author Batista, Rosangela L.
dc.contributor.author Baur, Louise A.
dc.contributor.author Beaglehole, Robert
dc.contributor.author Ben Romdhane, Habiba
dc.contributor.author Benet, Mikhail
dc.contributor.author Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Bernotiene, Gailute
dc.contributor.author Bettiol, Heloisa
dc.contributor.author Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor
dc.contributor.author Bharadwaj, Sumit
dc.contributor.author Bhargava, Santosh K.
dc.contributor.author Bhatti, Zaid
dc.contributor.author Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.
dc.contributor.author Bi, HongSheng
dc.contributor.author Bi, Yufang
dc.contributor.author Bjerregaard, Peter
dc.contributor.author Bjertness, Espen
dc.contributor.author Bjertness, Marius B.
dc.contributor.author Bjorkelund, Cecilia
dc.contributor.author Blake, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Blokstra, Anneke
dc.contributor.author Bo, Simona
dc.contributor.author Bobak, Martin
dc.contributor.author Boddy, Lynne M.
dc.contributor.author Boehm, Bernhard O.
dc.contributor.author Boeing, Heiner
dc.contributor.author Boissonnet, Carlos P.
dc.contributor.author Bongard, Vanina
dc.contributor.author Bovet, Pascal
dc.contributor.author Braeckman, Lutgart
dc.contributor.author Bragt, Marjolijn C. E.
dc.contributor.author Brajkovich, Imperia
dc.contributor.author Branca, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Breckenkamp, Juergen
dc.contributor.author Brenner, Hermann
dc.contributor.author Brewster, Lizzy M.
dc.contributor.author Brian, Garry R.
dc.contributor.author Bruno, Graziella
dc.contributor.author Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B(as)
dc.contributor.author Bugge, Anna
dc.contributor.author Burns, Con
dc.contributor.author Cabrera de Leon, Antonio
dc.contributor.author Cacciottolo, Joseph
dc.contributor.author Cama, Tilema
dc.contributor.author Cameron, Christine
dc.contributor.author Camolas, Jose
dc.contributor.author Can, Gunay
dc.contributor.author Candido, Ana Paula C.
dc.contributor.author Capuano, Vincenzo
dc.contributor.author Cardoso, Viviane C.
dc.contributor.author Carvalho, Maria J.
dc.contributor.author Casanueva, Felipe F.
dc.contributor.author Casas, Juan-Pablo
dc.contributor.author Caserta, Carmelo A.
dc.contributor.author Castetbon, Katia
dc.contributor.author Chamukuttan, Snehalatha
dc.contributor.author Chan, Angelique W.
dc.contributor.author Chan, Queenie
dc.contributor.author Chaturvedi, Himanshu K.
dc.contributor.author Chaturvedi, Nishi
dc.contributor.author Chen, Chien-Jen
dc.contributor.author Chen, Fangfang
dc.contributor.author Chen, Huashuai
dc.contributor.author Chen, Shuohua
dc.contributor.author Chen, Zhengming
dc.contributor.author Cheng, Ching-Yu
dc.contributor.author Chetrit, Angela
dc.contributor.author Chiolero, Arnaud
dc.contributor.author Chiou, Shu-Ti
dc.contributor.author Chirita-Emandi, Adela
dc.contributor.author Cho, Yumi
dc.contributor.author Christensen, Kaare
dc.contributor.author Chudek, Jerzy
dc.contributor.author Cifkova, Renata
dc.contributor.author Claessens, Frank
dc.contributor.author Clays, Els
dc.contributor.author Concin, Hans
dc.contributor.author Cooper, Cyrus
dc.contributor.author Cooper, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Coppinger, Tara C.
dc.contributor.author Costanzo, Simona
dc.contributor.author Cottel, Dominique
dc.contributor.author Cowell, Chris
dc.contributor.author Craig, Cora L.
dc.contributor.author Crujeiras, Ana B.
dc.contributor.author D'Arrigo, Graziella
dc.contributor.author d'Orsi, Eleonora
dc.contributor.author Dallongeville, Jean
dc.contributor.author Damasceno, Albertino
dc.contributor.author Damsgaard, Camilla T.
dc.contributor.author Danaei, Goodarz
dc.contributor.author Dankner, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Dauchet, Luc
dc.contributor.author De Backer, Guy
dc.contributor.author De Bacquer, Dirk
dc.contributor.author de Gaetano, Giovanni
dc.contributor.author De Henauw, Stefaan
dc.contributor.author De Smedt, Delphine
dc.contributor.author Deepa, Mohan
dc.contributor.author Deev, Alexander D.
dc.contributor.author Dehghan, Abbas
dc.contributor.author Delisle, Helene
dc.contributor.author Delpeuch, Francis
dc.contributor.author Dhana, Klodian
dc.contributor.author Di Castelnuovo, Augusto F.
dc.contributor.author Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares
dc.contributor.author Diaz, Alejandro
dc.contributor.author Djalalinia, Shirin
dc.contributor.author Do, Ha T. P.
dc.contributor.author Dobson, Annette J.
dc.contributor.author Donfrancesco, Chiara
dc.contributor.author Doering, Angela
dc.contributor.author Doua, Kouamelan
dc.contributor.author Drygas, Wojciech
dc.contributor.author Egbagbe, Eruke E.
dc.contributor.author Eggertsen, Robert
dc.contributor.author Ekelund, Ulf
dc.contributor.author El Ati, Jalila
dc.contributor.author Elliott, Paul
dc.contributor.author Engle-Stone, Reina
dc.contributor.author Erasmus, Rajiv T.
dc.contributor.author Erem, Cihangir
dc.contributor.author Eriksen, Louise
dc.contributor.author Escobedo-de la Pena, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Evans, Alun
dc.contributor.author Faeh, David
dc.contributor.author Fall, Caroline H.
dc.contributor.author Farzadfar, Farshad
dc.contributor.author Felix-Redondo, Francisco J.
dc.contributor.author Ferguson, Trevor S.
dc.contributor.author Fernandez-Berges, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Ferrante, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Ferrari, Marika
dc.contributor.author Ferreccio, Catterina
dc.contributor.author Ferrieres, Jean
dc.contributor.author Finn, Joseph D.
dc.contributor.author Fischer, Krista
dc.contributor.author Monterubio Flores, Eric
dc.contributor.author Foeger, Bernhard
dc.contributor.author Foo, Leng Huat
dc.contributor.author Forslund, Ann-Sofie
dc.contributor.author Fortmann, Stephen P.
dc.contributor.author Fouad, Heba M.
dc.contributor.author Francis, Damian K.
dc.contributor.author Franco, Maria do Carmo
dc.contributor.author Franco, Oscar H.
dc.contributor.author Frontera, Guillermo
dc.contributor.author Fuchs, Flavio D.
dc.contributor.author Fuchs, Sandra C.
dc.contributor.author Fujita, Yuki
dc.contributor.author Furusawa, Takuro
dc.contributor.author Gaciong, Zbigniew
dc.contributor.author Gafencu, Mihai
dc.contributor.author Gareta, Dickman
dc.contributor.author Garnett, Sarah P.
dc.contributor.author Gaspoz, Jean-Michel
dc.contributor.author Gasull, Magda
dc.contributor.author Gates, Louise
dc.contributor.author Geleijnse, Johanna M.
dc.contributor.author Ghasemian, Anoosheh
dc.contributor.author Giampaoli, Simona
dc.contributor.author Gianfagna, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Giovannelli, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Giwercman, Aleksander
dc.contributor.author Goldsmith, Rebecca A.
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez Gross, Marcela
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez Rivas, Juan P.
dc.contributor.author Bonet Gorbea, Mariano
dc.contributor.author Gottrand, Frederic
dc.contributor.author -Iversen, Sidsel Graff
dc.contributor.author Grafnetter, Dusan
dc.contributor.author Grajda, Aneta
dc.contributor.author Grammatikopoulou, Maria G.
dc.contributor.author Gregor, Ronald D.
dc.contributor.author Grodzicki, Tomasz
dc.contributor.author Grontved, Anders
dc.contributor.author Gruden, Grabriella
dc.contributor.author Grujic, Vera
dc.contributor.author Gu, Dongfeng
dc.contributor.author Guan, Ong Peng
dc.contributor.author Gudnason, Vilmundur
dc.contributor.author Guerrero, Ramiro
dc.contributor.author Guessous, Idris
dc.contributor.author Guimaraes, Andre L.
dc.contributor.author Gulliford, Martin C.
dc.contributor.author Gunnlaugsdottir, Johanna
dc.contributor.author Gunter, Marc
dc.contributor.author Guo, Xiu H.
dc.contributor.author Guo, Yin
dc.contributor.author Gupta, Prakash C.
dc.contributor.author Gureje, Oye
dc.contributor.author Gurzkowska, Beata
dc.contributor.author Gutierrez, Laura
dc.contributor.author Gutzwiller, Felix
dc.contributor.author Halkjaer, Jytte
dc.contributor.author Hardy, Rebecca
dc.contributor.author Kumar, Rachakulla Hari
dc.contributor.author Hayes, Alison J.
dc.contributor.author He, Jiang
dc.contributor.author Hendriks, Marleen Elisabeth
dc.contributor.author Hernandez Cadena, Leticia
dc.contributor.author Heshmat, Ramin
dc.contributor.author Hihtaniemi, Ilpo Tapani
dc.contributor.author Ho, Sai Yin
dc.contributor.author Ho, Suzanne C.
dc.contributor.author Hobbs, Michael
dc.contributor.author Hofman, Albert
dc.contributor.author Hormiga, Claudia M.
dc.contributor.author Horta, Bernardo L.
dc.contributor.author Houti, Leila
dc.contributor.author Htay, Thein Thein
dc.contributor.author Htet, Aung Soe
dc.contributor.author Htike, Maung Maung Than
dc.contributor.author Hu, Yonghua
dc.contributor.author Hussieni, Abdullatif S.
dc.contributor.author Huu, Chinh Nguyen
dc.contributor.author Huybrechts, Inge
dc.contributor.author Hwalla, Nahla
dc.contributor.author Iacoviello, Licia
dc.contributor.author Iannone, Anna G.
dc.contributor.author Ibrahim, M. Mohsen
dc.contributor.author Ikeda, Nayu
dc.contributor.author Ikram, M. Arfan
dc.contributor.author Irazola, Vilma E.
dc.contributor.author Islam, Muhammad
dc.contributor.author Iwasaki, Masanori
dc.contributor.author Jackson, Rod T.
dc.contributor.author Jacobs, Jeremy M.
dc.contributor.author Jafar, Tazeen
dc.contributor.author Jamil, Kazi M.
dc.contributor.author Jamrozik, Konrad
dc.contributor.author Jasienska, Grazyna
dc.contributor.author Jiang, Chao Qiang
dc.contributor.author Joffres, Michel
dc.contributor.author Johansson, Mattias
dc.contributor.author Jonas, Jost B.
dc.contributor.author Jorgensen, Torben
dc.contributor.author Joshi, Pradeep
dc.contributor.author Juolevi, Anne
dc.contributor.author Jurak, Gregor
dc.contributor.author Juresa, Vesna
dc.contributor.author Kaaks, Rudolf
dc.contributor.author Kafatos, Anthony
dc.contributor.author Kalter-Leibovici, Ofra
dc.contributor.author Kapantais, Efthymios
dc.contributor.author Kasaeian, Amir
dc.contributor.author Katz, Joanne
dc.contributor.author Kaur, Prabhdeep
dc.contributor.author Kavousi, Maryam
dc.contributor.author Keil, Ulrich
dc.contributor.author Boker, Lital Keinan
dc.contributor.author Kelishadi, Roya
dc.contributor.author Kemper, Han H. C. G.
dc.contributor.author Kengne, Andre P.
dc.contributor.author Kersting, Mathilde
dc.contributor.author Key, Timothy
dc.contributor.author Khader, Yousef Saleh
dc.contributor.author Khalili, Davood
dc.contributor.author Khang, Young-Ho
dc.contributor.author Khaw, Kay-Tee H.
dc.contributor.author Khouw, Ilse M. S. L.
dc.contributor.author Kiechl, Stefan
dc.contributor.author Killewo, Japhet
dc.contributor.author Kim, Jeongseon
dc.contributor.author Kiyohara, Yutaka
dc.contributor.author Klimont, Jeannette
dc.contributor.author Kolle, Elin
dc.contributor.author Kolsteren, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Korrovits, Paul
dc.contributor.author Koskinen, Seppo
dc.contributor.author Kouda, Katsuyasu
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Slawomir
dc.contributor.author Kratzer, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.author Krokstad, Steinar
dc.contributor.author Kromhout, Daan
dc.contributor.author Kruger, Herculina S.
dc.contributor.author Kula, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.author Kulaga, Zbigniew
dc.contributor.author Kumar, R. Krishna
dc.contributor.author Kusuma, Yadlapalli S.
dc.contributor.author Kuulasmaa, Kari
dc.contributor.author Kyobutungi, Catherine
dc.contributor.author Laamiri, Fatima Zahra
dc.contributor.author Laatikainen, Tiina
dc.contributor.author Lachat, Carl
dc.contributor.author Laid, Youcef
dc.contributor.author Lam, Tai Hing
dc.contributor.author Landrove, Orlando
dc.contributor.author Lanska, Vera
dc.contributor.author Lappas, Georg
dc.contributor.author Laugsand, Lars E.
dc.contributor.author Laxmaiah, Avula
dc.contributor.author Bao, Khanh Le Nguyen
dc.contributor.author Le, Tuyen D.
dc.contributor.author Leclercq, Catherine
dc.contributor.author Lee, Jeannette
dc.contributor.author Lee, Jeonghee
dc.contributor.author Lehtimaki, Terho
dc.contributor.author Lekhraj, Rampal
dc.contributor.author Leon-Munoz, Luz M.
dc.contributor.author Li, Yanping
dc.contributor.author Lim, Wei-Yen
dc.contributor.author Fernanda Lima-Costa, M.
dc.contributor.author Lin, Hsien-Ho
dc.contributor.author Lin, Xu
dc.contributor.author Linneberg, Allan
dc.contributor.author Lissner, Lauren
dc.contributor.author Litwin, Mieczyslaw
dc.contributor.author Liu, Jing
dc.contributor.author Lorbeer, Roberto
dc.contributor.author Lotufo, Paulo A.
dc.contributor.author Eugenio Lozano, Jose
dc.contributor.author Luksiene, Dalia
dc.contributor.author Lundqvist, Annamari
dc.contributor.author Lunet, Nuno
dc.contributor.author Lytsy, Per
dc.contributor.author Ma, Guansheng
dc.contributor.author Machi, Suka
dc.contributor.author Maggi, Stefania
dc.contributor.author Magliano, Dianna J.
dc.contributor.author Makdisse, Marcia
dc.contributor.author Malekzadeh, Reza
dc.contributor.author Malhotra, Rahul
dc.contributor.author Rao, Kodavanti Mallikharjuna
dc.contributor.author Manios, Yannis
dc.contributor.author Mann, Jim I.
dc.contributor.author Manzato, Enzo
dc.contributor.author Margozzini, Paula
dc.contributor.author Markey, Oonagh
dc.contributor.author Marques-Vidal, Pedro
dc.contributor.author Marrugat, Jaume
dc.contributor.author Martin-Prevel, Yves
dc.contributor.author Martorell, Reynaldo
dc.contributor.author Masoodi, Shariq R.
dc.contributor.author Matsha, Tandi E.
dc.contributor.author Mazur, Artur
dc.contributor.author Mbanya, Jean Claude N.
dc.contributor.author McFarlane, Shelly R.
dc.contributor.author McGarvey, Stephen T.
dc.contributor.author McKee, Martin
dc.contributor.author McLachlan, Stela
dc.contributor.author McLean, Rachael M.
dc.contributor.author McNulty, Breige A.
dc.contributor.author Yusof, Safiah Md
dc.contributor.author Mediene-Benchekor, Sounnia
dc.contributor.author Meirhaeghe, Aline
dc.contributor.author Meisinger, Christa
dc.contributor.author Mendes, Larissa L.
dc.contributor.author Menezes, Ana Maria B.
dc.contributor.author Mensink, Gert B. M.
dc.contributor.author Meshram, Indrapal I.
dc.contributor.author Metspalu, Andres
dc.contributor.author Mi, Jie
dc.contributor.author Michaelsen, Kim F.
dc.contributor.author Mikkel, Kairit
dc.contributor.author Miller, Jody C.
dc.contributor.author Francisco Miquel, Juan
dc.contributor.author Jaime Miranda, J.
dc.contributor.author Misigoj-Durakovic, Marjeta
dc.contributor.author Mohamed, Mostafa K.
dc.contributor.author Mohammad, Kazem
dc.contributor.author Mohammadifard, Noushin
dc.contributor.author Mohan, Viswanathan
dc.contributor.author Yusoff, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd
dc.contributor.author Molbo, Drude
dc.contributor.author Moller, Niels C.
dc.contributor.author Molnar, Denes
dc.contributor.author Mondo, Charles K.
dc.contributor.author Monterrubio, Eric A.
dc.contributor.author Monyeki, Kotsedi Daniel K.
dc.contributor.author Moreira, Leila B.
dc.contributor.author Morejon, Alain
dc.contributor.author Moreno, Luis A.
dc.contributor.author Morgan, Karen
dc.contributor.author Mortensen, Erik Lykke
dc.contributor.author Moschonis, George
dc.contributor.author Mossakowska, Malgorzata
dc.contributor.author Mostafa, Aya
dc.contributor.author Mota, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeel
dc.contributor.author Motta, Jorge
dc.contributor.author Mu, Thet Thet
dc.contributor.author Muiesan, Maria Lorenza
dc.contributor.author Mueller-Nurasyid, Martina
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Neil
dc.contributor.author Mursu, Jaakko
dc.contributor.author Murtagh, Elaine M.
dc.contributor.author Musa, Kamarul Imran
dc.contributor.author Musil, Vera
dc.contributor.author Nagel, Gabriele
dc.contributor.author Nakamura, Harunobu
dc.contributor.author Namesna, Jana
dc.contributor.author Nang, Ei Ei K.
dc.contributor.author Nangia, Vinay B.
dc.contributor.author Nankap, Martin
dc.contributor.author Narake, Sameer
dc.contributor.author Maria Navarrete-Munoz, Eva
dc.contributor.author Nenko, Ilona
dc.contributor.author Neovius, Martin
dc.contributor.author Nervi, Flavio
dc.contributor.author Neuhauser, Hannelore K.
dc.contributor.author Nguyen, Nguyen D.
dc.contributor.author Nguyen, Quang Ngoc
dc.contributor.author Nieto-Martinez, Ramfis E.
dc.contributor.author Ning, Guang
dc.contributor.author Ninomiya, Toshiharu
dc.contributor.author Nishtar, Sania
dc.contributor.author Noale, Marianna
dc.contributor.author Norat, Teresa
dc.contributor.author Noto, Davide
dc.contributor.author Al Nsour, Mohannad
dc.contributor.author O'Reilly, Dermot
dc.contributor.author Ochoa-Aviles, Angelica M.
dc.contributor.author Oh, Kyungwon
dc.contributor.author Olayan, Iman H.
dc.contributor.author Anselmo Olinto, Maria Teresa
dc.contributor.author Oltarzewski, Maciej
dc.contributor.author Omar, Mohd A.
dc.contributor.author Onat, Altan
dc.contributor.author Ordunez, Pedro
dc.contributor.author Ortiz, Ana P.
dc.contributor.author Osler, Merete
dc.contributor.author Osmond, Clive
dc.contributor.author Ostojic, Sergej M.
dc.contributor.author Otero, Johanna A.
dc.contributor.author Overvad, Kim
dc.contributor.author Paccaud, Fred Michel
dc.contributor.author Padez, Cristina
dc.contributor.author Pajak, Andrzej
dc.contributor.author Palli, Domenico
dc.contributor.author Palloni, Alberto
dc.contributor.author Palmieri, Luigi
dc.contributor.author Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra
dc.contributor.author Panza, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Parnell, Winsome R.
dc.contributor.author Parsaeian, Mahboubeh
dc.contributor.author Pednekar, Mangesh S.
dc.contributor.author Peeters, Petra H.
dc.contributor.author Peixoto, Sergio Viana
dc.contributor.author Pereira, Alexandre C.
dc.contributor.author Perez, Cynthia M.
dc.contributor.author Peters, Annette
dc.contributor.author Peykari, Niloofar
dc.contributor.author Pham, Son Thai
dc.contributor.author Pigeot, Iris
dc.contributor.author Pikhart, Hynek
dc.contributor.author Pilav, Aida
dc.contributor.author Pilotto, Lorenza
dc.contributor.author Pistelli, Francesco
dc.contributor.author Pitakaka, Freda
dc.contributor.author Piwonska, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.author Piwonski, Jerzy
dc.contributor.author Plans-Rubio, Pedro
dc.contributor.author Poh, Bee Koon
dc.contributor.author Porta, Miquel
dc.contributor.author Portegies, Marileen L. P.
dc.contributor.author Poulimeneas, Dimitrios
dc.contributor.author Pradeepa, Rajendra
dc.contributor.author Prashant, Mathur
dc.contributor.author Price, Jacqueline F.
dc.contributor.author Puiu, Maria
dc.contributor.author Punab, Margus
dc.contributor.author Qasrawi, Radwan F.
dc.contributor.author Qorbani, Mostafa
dc.contributor.author Bao, Tran Quoc
dc.contributor.author Radic, Ivana
dc.contributor.author Radisauskas, Ricardas
dc.contributor.author Rahman, Mahmudur
dc.contributor.author Raitakari, Olli
dc.contributor.author Raj, Manu
dc.contributor.author Rao, Sudha Ramachandra
dc.contributor.author Ramachandran, Ambady
dc.contributor.author Ramke, Jacqueline
dc.contributor.author Ramos, Rafel
dc.contributor.author Rampal, Sanjay
dc.contributor.author Rasmussen, Finn
dc.contributor.author Redon, Josep
dc.contributor.author Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M.
dc.contributor.author Ribeiro, Robespierre
dc.contributor.author Riboli, Elio
dc.contributor.author Rigo, Fernando
dc.contributor.author de Wit, Tobias Floris Rinke
dc.contributor.author Ritti-Dias, Raphael M.
dc.contributor.author Rivera, Juan A.
dc.contributor.author Robinson, Sian M.
dc.contributor.author Robitaille, Cynthia
dc.contributor.author Rodriguez-Artalejo, Fernando
dc.contributor.author del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, Maria
dc.contributor.author Rodriguez-Villamizar, Laura A.
dc.contributor.author Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba
dc.contributor.author Rojroongwasinkul, Nipa
dc.contributor.author Romaguera, Dora
dc.contributor.author Ronkainen, Kimmo
dc.contributor.author Rosengren, Annika
dc.contributor.author Rouse, Ian
dc.contributor.author Rubinstein, Adolfo
dc.contributor.author Ruehli, Frank J.
dc.contributor.author Rui, Ornelas
dc.contributor.author Sandra Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca
dc.contributor.author Russo Horimoto, Andrea R. V.
dc.contributor.author Rutkowski, Marcin
dc.contributor.author Sabanayagam, Charumathi
dc.contributor.author Sachdev, Harshpal S.
dc.contributor.author Saidi, Olfa
dc.contributor.author Salanave, Benoit
dc.contributor.author Salazar Martinez, Eduardo
dc.contributor.author Salomaa, Veikko
dc.contributor.author Salonen, Jukka T.
dc.contributor.author Salvetti, Massimo
dc.contributor.author Sanchez-Abanto, Jose
dc.contributor.author Sandjaja
dc.contributor.author Sans, Susana
dc.contributor.author Santos, Diana A.
dc.contributor.author Santos, Osvaldo
dc.contributor.author dos Santos, Renata Nunes
dc.contributor.author Santos, Rute
dc.contributor.author Sardinha, Luis B.
dc.contributor.author Sarrafzadegan, Nizal
dc.contributor.author Saum, Kai-Uwe
dc.contributor.author Savva, Savvas C.
dc.contributor.author Scazufca, Marcia
dc.contributor.author Rosario, Angelika Schaffrath
dc.contributor.author Schargrodsky, Herman
dc.contributor.author Schienkiewitz, Anja
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dc.contributor.author Sepanlou, Sadaf G.
dc.contributor.author Shalnova, Svetlana A.
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dc.contributor.author Shibuya, Kenji
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dc.contributor.author Santos Silva, Diego Augusto
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dc.contributor.author Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta
dc.contributor.author Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw
dc.contributor.author Smeeth, Liam
dc.contributor.author Smith, Margaret C.
dc.contributor.author Snijder, Marieke B.
dc.contributor.author So, Hung-Kwan
dc.contributor.author Sobngwi, Eugene
dc.contributor.author Soderberg, Stefan
dc.contributor.author Soekatri, Moesijanti Y. E.
dc.contributor.author Solfrizzi, Vincenzo
dc.contributor.author Sonestedt, Emily
dc.contributor.author Sorensen, Thorkild I. A.
dc.contributor.author Soric, Maroje
dc.contributor.author Jerome, Charles Sossa
dc.contributor.author Soumare, Aicha
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dc.contributor.author Stavreski, Bill
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dc.contributor.author Stehle, Peter
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dc.contributor.author Stergiou, George S.
dc.contributor.author Stessman, Jochanan
dc.contributor.author Stieber, Jutta
dc.contributor.author Stoeckl, Doris
dc.contributor.author Stocks, Tanja
dc.contributor.author Stokwiszewski, Jakub
dc.contributor.author Stratton, Gareth
dc.contributor.author Strufaldi, Maria Wany
dc.contributor.author Sun, Chien-An
dc.contributor.author Sundstrom, Johan
dc.contributor.author Sung, Yn-Tz
dc.contributor.author Sunyer, Jordi
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dc.contributor.author Swinburn, Boyd A.
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dc.contributor.author Tammesoo, Mari-Liis
dc.contributor.author Tamosiunas, Abdonas
dc.contributor.author Tang, Line
dc.contributor.author Tang, Xun
dc.contributor.author Tanser, Frank
dc.contributor.author Tao, Yong
dc.contributor.author Tarp, Jakob
dc.contributor.author Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B.
dc.contributor.author Taylor, Anne
dc.contributor.author Tchibindat, Felicite
dc.contributor.author Thijs, Lutgarde
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dc.contributor.author Tjonneland, Anne
dc.contributor.author Tolonen, Hanna K.
dc.contributor.author Tolstrup, Janne S.
dc.contributor.author Topbas, Murat
dc.contributor.author Topor-Madry, Roman
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dc.contributor.author Trichopoulou, Antonia
dc.contributor.author Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
dc.contributor.author Trinh, Oanh T. H.
dc.contributor.author Trivedi, Atul
dc.contributor.author Tshepo, Lechaba
dc.contributor.author Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K.
dc.contributor.author Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka
dc.contributor.author Tuomilehto, Jaakko
dc.contributor.author Turley, Maria L.
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dc.contributor.author Van Herck, Koen
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dc.contributor.author Vanuzzo, Diego
dc.contributor.author Vatten, Lars
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dc.contributor.author Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo
dc.contributor.author Veronesi, Giovanni
dc.contributor.author Verschuren, W. M. Monique
dc.contributor.author Viegi, Giovanni
dc.contributor.author Viet, Lucie
dc.contributor.author Viikari-Juntura, Eira
dc.contributor.author Vineis, Paolo
dc.contributor.author Vioque, Jesus
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dc.contributor.author Visvikis-Siest, Sophie
dc.contributor.author Viswanathan, Bharathi
dc.contributor.author Vollenweider, Peter
dc.contributor.author Voutilainen, Sari
dc.contributor.author Vrijheid, Martine
dc.contributor.author Wade, Alisha N.
dc.contributor.author Wagner, Aline
dc.contributor.author Walton, Janette
dc.contributor.author Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan
dc.contributor.author Wang, Ming-Dong
dc.contributor.author Wang, Qian
dc.contributor.author Wang, Ya Xing
dc.contributor.author Wannamethee, S. Goya
dc.contributor.author Wareham, Nicholas
dc.contributor.author Weerasekera, Deepa
dc.contributor.author Whincup, Peter H.
dc.contributor.author Widhalm, Kurt
dc.contributor.author Widyahening, Indah S.
dc.contributor.author Wiecek, Andrzej
dc.contributor.author Wilks, Rainford J.
dc.contributor.author Willeit, Johann
dc.contributor.author Wojtyniak, Bogdan
dc.contributor.author Wong, Jyh Eiin
dc.contributor.author Wong, Tien Yin
dc.contributor.author Woo, Jean
dc.contributor.author Woodward, Mark
dc.contributor.author Wu, Frederick C.
dc.contributor.author Wu, JianFeng
dc.contributor.author Wu, Shou Ling
dc.contributor.author Xu, Haiquan
dc.contributor.author Xu, Liang
dc.contributor.author Yamborisut, Uruwan
dc.contributor.author Yan, Weili
dc.contributor.author Yang, Xiaoguang
dc.contributor.author Yardim, Nazan
dc.contributor.author Ye, Xingwang
dc.contributor.author Yiallouros, Panayiotis K.
dc.contributor.author Yoshihara, Akihiro
dc.contributor.author You, Qi Sheng
dc.contributor.author Younger-Coleman, Novie O.
dc.contributor.author Yusoff, Ahmad F.
dc.contributor.author Zainuddin, Ahmad A.
dc.contributor.author Zambon, Sabina
dc.contributor.author Zdrojewski, Tomasz
dc.contributor.author Zeng, Yi
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Dong
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Wenhua
dc.contributor.author Zheng, Yingfeng
dc.contributor.author Zhou, Maigeng
dc.contributor.author Zhu, Dan
dc.contributor.author Zimmermann, Esther
dc.contributor.author Zuñiga Cisneros, Julio
dc.contributor.author NCD Risk Factor Collaboration
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-22T14:54:07Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-22T14:54:07Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/5629
dc.description.abstract Background: Underweight and severe and morbid obesity are associated with highly elevated risks of adverse health outcomes. We estimated trends in mean body-mass index (BMI), which characterises its population distribution, and in the prevalences of a complete set of BMI categories for adults in all countries. Methods: We analysed, with use of a consistent protocol, population-based studies that had measured height and weight in adults aged 18 years and older. We applied a Bayesian hierarchical model to these data to estimate trends from 1975 to 2014 in mean BMI and in the prevalences of BMI categories (<18.5 kg/m(2) [underweight], 18.5 kg/m(2) to <20 kg/m(2), 20 kg/m(2) to <25 kg/m(2), 25 kg/m(2) to <30 kg/m(2), 30 kg/m(2) to <35 kg/m(2), 35 kg/m(2) to <40 kg/m(2), = 40 kg/m(2) [morbid obesity]), by sex in 200 countries and territories, organised in 21 regions. We calculated the posterior probability of meeting the target of halting by 2025 the rise in obesity at its 2010 levels, if post-2000 trends continue. Findings: We used 1698 population-based data sources, with more than 19.2 million adult participants (9.9 million men and 9.3 million women) in 186 of 200 countries for which estimates were made. Global age-standardised mean BMI increased from 21.7 kg/m(2) (95% credible interval 21.3-22.1) in 1975 to 24.2 kg/m(2) (24.0-24.4) in 2014 in men, and from 22.1 kg/m(2) (21.7-22.5) in 1975 to 24.4 kg/m(2) (24.2-24.6) in 2014 in women. Regional mean BMIs in 2014 for men ranged from 21.4 kg/m(2) in central Africa and south Asia to 29.2 kg/m(2) (28.6-29.8) in Polynesia and Micronesia; for women the range was from 21.8 kg/m(2) (21.4-22.3) in south Asia to 32.2 kg/m(2) (31.5-32.8) in Polynesia and Micronesia. Over these four decades, age-standardised global prevalence of underweight decreased from 13.8% (10.5-17.4) to 8.8% (7.4-10.3) in men and from 14.6% (11.6-17.9) to 9.7% (8.3-11.1) in women. South Asia had the highest prevalence of underweight in 2014, 23.4% (17.8-29.2) in men and 24.0% (18.9-29.3) in women. Age-standardised prevalence of obesity increased from 3.2% (2.4-4.1) in 1975 to 10.8% (9.7-12.0) in 2014 in men, and from 6.4% (5.1-7.8) to 14.9% (13.6-16.1) in women. 2.3% (2.0-2.7) of the world's men and 5.0% (4.4-5.6) of women were severely obese (ie, have BMI = 35 kg/m(2)). Globally, prevalence of morbid obesity was 0.64% (0.46-0.86) in men and 1.6% (1.3-1.9) in women. Interpretation: If post-2000 trends continue, the probability of meeting the global obesity target is virtually zero. Rather, if these trends continue, by 2025, global obesity prevalence will reach 18% in men and surpass 21% in women; severe obesity will surpass 6% in men and 9% in women. Nonetheless, underweight remains prevalent in the world's poorest regions, especially in south Asia. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1474-547X
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject UNAVAILABLE en_US
dc.title Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014: a pooled analysis of 1698 population-based measurement studies with 19.2 million participants en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30054-X
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00


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