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Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women

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dc.contributor.author Barrios, Y.V.
dc.contributor.author Gelaye, B.
dc.contributor.author Zhong, Q.
dc.contributor.author Nicolaidis, C.
dc.contributor.author Rondon, M.B.
dc.contributor.author Garcia, P.J.
dc.contributor.author Mascaro Sanchez, P.A.
dc.contributor.author Sanchez, S.E.
dc.contributor.author Williams, M.A.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-24T18:23:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-24T18:23:55Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/6486
dc.description.abstract Objective: We examined associations of childhood physical and sexual abuse with risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). We also evaluated the extent to which childhood abuse was associated with self-reported general health status and symptoms of antepartum depression in a cohort of pregnant Peruvian women. Methods: In-person interviews were conducted to collect information regarding history of childhood abuse and IPV from 1,521 women during early pregnancy. Antepartum depressive symptomatology was evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Multivariable logistic regression procedures were used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: Any childhood abuse was associated with 2.2-fold increased odds of lifetime IPV (95%CI: 1.72-2.83). Compared with women who reported no childhood abuse, those who reported both, childhood physical and sexual abuse had a 7.14-fold lifetime risk of physical and sexual IPV (95%CI: 4.15-12.26). The odds of experiencing physical and sexual abuse by an intimate partner in the past year was 3.33-fold higher among women with a history of childhood physical and sexual abuse as compared to women who were not abused as children (95%CI 1.60-6.89). Childhood abuse was associated with higher odds of self-reported poor health status during early pregnancy (aOR = 1.32, 95%CI: 1.04-1.68) and with symptoms of antepartum depression (aOR = 2.07, 95%CI: 1.58-2.71). Conclusion: These data indicate that childhood sexual and physical abuse is associated with IPV, poor general health and depressive symptoms in early pregnancy. The high prevalence of childhood trauma and its enduring effects of on women's health warrant concerted global health efforts in preventing violence. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher PLoS
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1932-6203
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject adult en_US
dc.subject antepartum depression en_US
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.subject child abuse en_US
dc.subject child sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject cohort analysis en_US
dc.subject controlled study en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject first trimester pregnancy en_US
dc.subject health status en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject interview en_US
dc.subject major clinical study en_US
dc.subject medical history en_US
dc.subject multivariate logistic regression analysis en_US
dc.subject partner violence en_US
dc.subject Patient Health Questionnaire 9 en_US
dc.subject Peruvian en_US
dc.subject physical abuse en_US
dc.subject pregnant woman en_US
dc.subject risk assessment en_US
dc.subject self report en_US
dc.subject symptom en_US
dc.subject violence en_US
dc.subject women's health en_US
dc.subject adolescent en_US
dc.subject child abuse survivor en_US
dc.subject child sexual abuse en_US
dc.subject cross-sectional study en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject life event en_US
dc.subject multivariate analysis en_US
dc.subject partner violence en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject pregnancy en_US
dc.subject Pregnancy Complications en_US
dc.subject pregnant woman en_US
dc.subject prevalence en_US
dc.subject psychology en_US
dc.subject questionnaire en_US
dc.subject risk factor en_US
dc.subject statistics and numerical data en_US
dc.subject young adult en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Adult Survivors of Child Abuse en_US
dc.subject Child Abuse, Sexual en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject Depression en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Life Change Events en_US
dc.subject Multivariate Analysis en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Pregnancy en_US
dc.subject Pregnancy Complications en_US
dc.subject Pregnant Women en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Spouse Abuse en_US
dc.subject Surveys and Questionnaires en_US
dc.subject Young Adult en_US
dc.title Association of childhood physical and sexual abuse with intimate partner violence, poor general health and depressive symptoms among pregnant women en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116609
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.02
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00


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