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Genetic legacy of state centralization in the Kuba Kingdom of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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dc.contributor.author van Dorp, Lucy
dc.contributor.author Lowes, Sara
dc.contributor.author Weigel, Jonathan L.
dc.contributor.author Ansari-Pour, Naser
dc.contributor.author Lopez, Saioa
dc.contributor.author Mendoza-Revilla, Javier
dc.contributor.author Robinson, James A.
dc.contributor.author Henrich, Joseph
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Mark G.
dc.contributor.author Nunn, Nathan
dc.contributor.author Hellenthal, Garrett
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-04T16:59:36Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T16:59:36Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/6805
dc.description.abstract Few phenomena have had as profound or long-lasting consequences in human history as the emergence of large-scale centralized states in the place of smaller scale and more local societies. This study examines a fundamental, and yet unexplored, consequence of state formation: its genetic legacy. We studied the genetic impact of state centralization during the formation of the eminent precolonial Kuba Kingdom of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in the 17th century. We analyzed genome-wide data from over 690 individuals sampled from 27 different ethnic groups from the Kasai Central Province of the DRC. By comparing genetic patterns in the present-day Kuba, whose ancestors were part of the Kuba Kingdom, with those in neighboring non-Kuba groups, we show that the Kuba today are more genetically diverse and more similar to other groups in the region than expected, consistentwith the historical unification of distinct subgroups during state centralization. We also found evidence of genetic mixing dating to the time of the Kingdom at its most prominent. Using this unique dataset, we characterize the genetic history of the Kasai Central Province and describe the historic late wave of migrations into the region that contributed to a Bantu-like ancestry component found across large parts of Africa today. Taken together, we show the power of genetics to evidence events of sociopolitical importance and highlight how DNA can be used to better understand the behaviors of both people and institutions in the past. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher National Academy of Sciences
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1091-6490
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject population genetics en_US
dc.subject demographic inference en_US
dc.subject anthropology en_US
dc.subject history en_US
dc.title Genetic legacy of state centralization in the Kuba Kingdom of the Democratic Republic of the Congo en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/review
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1811211115
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.01.02
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.06.09

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