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High prevalence of self-reported tuberculosis and associated factors in a nation-wide census among prison inmates in Peru

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dc.contributor.author Salazar-De La Cuba, Ana L.
dc.contributor.author Ardiles-Paredes, Diana F.
dc.contributor.author Araujo-Castillo, Roger V.
dc.contributor.author Maguiña, Jorge L.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-06T20:57:45Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-06T20:57:45Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/7392
dc.description.abstract Objective: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported tuberculosis TB diagnosed at Peruvian correctional facilities (CFs), and their associated factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study based on secondary analysis of the National Census held in all Peruvian CFs in 2016. Outcome was defined as self-reported TB diagnosed by a healthcare professional intra-penitentiary. A descriptive bivariate analysis was carried out, followed by multivariate analysis using Poisson regression in order to calculate the adjusted prevalence ratios (PRa). Additionally, a mixed effects multilevel model adjusted by CFs as clusters was performed. Results: Of 77 086 prison inmates in 66 CFs participated in the original census, of which 69 890 were included. Of these, 1754 self-reported TB diagnosed intra-penitentiary, yielding a prevalence of 2510/100 000 PDL. In the final model, self-reported TB was associated with younger age, male gender, lower educational level, not having a stable partner, having prison readmissions and having relatives in prison. There was also strong association with HIV/AIDS (PRa 2.77; 1.84–4.18), STIs (PRa 2.13; 1.46–3.10), DM (PRa 1.99; 1.59–2.50) and recreational drugs use (PRa 1.41; 1.23–1.61). The mixed model showed significant variance for belonging to different CFs (2.13; 1.02–4.44) and CF overcrowding (3.25; 1.37–7.71). Conclusions: Self-reported TB prevalence found was higher than reported by other lower/lower-middle income countries. Demographic factors, individual clinical features and overcrowding increases the likelihood of self-reported TB. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1365-3156
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject acquired immune deficiency syndrome en_US
dc.subject adult en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject age distribution en_US
dc.subject Age Distribution en_US
dc.subject age structure en_US
dc.subject aged en_US
dc.subject Aged en_US
dc.subject alcohol consumption en_US
dc.subject alcoholic beverage en_US
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.subject beverage en_US
dc.subject census en_US
dc.subject clinical feature en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject cross-sectional study en_US
dc.subject crowding (area) en_US
dc.subject depression en_US
dc.subject diabetes mellitus en_US
dc.subject disease incidence en_US
dc.subject drug en_US
dc.subject drug use en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject health care personnel en_US
dc.subject health practitioner en_US
dc.subject hospital readmission en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject Human immunodeficiency virus en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject hypertension en_US
dc.subject infectious disease en_US
dc.subject infectivity en_US
dc.subject major clinical study en_US
dc.subject male en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject medical history en_US
dc.subject middle aged en_US
dc.subject Middle Aged en_US
dc.subject multivariate analysis en_US
dc.subject overcrowding en_US
dc.subject patient-reported outcome en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject population en_US
dc.subject prevalence en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject prison en_US
dc.subject prisoner en_US
dc.subject prisons en_US
dc.subject recreational drug en_US
dc.subject risk factor en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject secondary analysis en_US
dc.subject self report en_US
dc.subject Self Report en_US
dc.subject self-report en_US
dc.subject sex factor en_US
dc.subject Sex Factors en_US
dc.subject sexually transmitted disease en_US
dc.subject Socioeconomic Factors en_US
dc.subject socioeconomics en_US
dc.subject terbium en_US
dc.subject tobacco use en_US
dc.subject tuberculosis en_US
dc.subject Tuberculosis en_US
dc.subject virus hepatitis en_US
dc.subject vulnerable population en_US
dc.subject vulnerable populations en_US
dc.subject young adult en_US
dc.subject Young Adult en_US
dc.title High prevalence of self-reported tuberculosis and associated factors in a nation-wide census among prison inmates in Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13199
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.06


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