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Validation of the Opening Minds Scale and patterns of stigma in Chilean primary health care.

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dc.contributor.author Sapag, Jaime C.
dc.contributor.author Klabunde, Rachel
dc.contributor.author Villarroel, Luis
dc.contributor.author Velasco, Paola R.
dc.contributor.author Alvarez, Cinthia
dc.contributor.author Parra, Claudia
dc.contributor.author Bobbili, Sireesha J.
dc.contributor.author Mascayano, Franco
dc.contributor.author Bustamante, Ines
dc.contributor.author Alvarado, Ruben
dc.contributor.author Corrigan, Patrick
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-06T21:02:52Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-06T21:02:52Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/7464
dc.description.abstract Objectives: Stigma toward people with mental health problems (MHP) in primary health care (PHC) settings is an important public health challenge. Research on stigma toward MHP is relatively scarce in Chile and Latin America, as are instruments to measure stigma that are validated for use there. The present study aims to validate the Opening Minds Scale for Health Care Professionals (OMS-HC) among staff and providers in public Chilean PHC clinics, and examine differences in stigma by sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: 803 participants from 34 PHC clinics answered a self-administered questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis was completed. Average 15-item OMS-HC scores were calculated, and means were compared via t-test or ANOVA to identify group differences. Correlations of OMS-HC scores with other commonly used stigma scores were calculated to evaluate construct validity. Results: The 3-factor OMS-HC structure was confirmed in this population. The average OMS-HC (α = 0.69) score was 34.55 (theoretical range 15–75). Significantly lower (less stigmatizing) mean OMS-HC scores were found in those with additional training and/or personal experience with MHP. Conclusion: The validated, Spanish version of OMS-HC can be of use to further research stigma toward MHP in Chile and Latin America, advancing awareness and inspiring interventions to reduce stigma in the future. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher PLoS
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1932-6203
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject adult en_US
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.subject awareness en_US
dc.subject Chile en_US
dc.subject Chilean en_US
dc.subject construct validity en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject functional status assessment en_US
dc.subject health care personnel en_US
dc.subject health personnel attitude en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject internal consistency en_US
dc.subject male en_US
dc.subject middle aged en_US
dc.subject Opening Minds Scale en_US
dc.subject primary health care en_US
dc.subject self administration test en_US
dc.subject South and Central America en_US
dc.subject stigma en_US
dc.subject validation process en_US
dc.subject young adult en_US
dc.title Validation of the Opening Minds Scale and patterns of stigma in Chilean primary health care. en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0221825
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.01

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