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Sand-swimming behaviour reduces ectoparasitism in an iguanian lizard.

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dc.contributor.author Toyama, Ken S.
dc.contributor.author Florian, Jose C.
dc.contributor.author Ruiz, Emily J.
dc.contributor.author Gonzales, Wilfredo L.
dc.contributor.author Gianoli, Ernesto
dc.date.accessioned 2019-12-06T21:04:48Z
dc.date.available 2019-12-06T21:04:48Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/7633
dc.description.abstract Sand swimming behaviour occurs in several lizard clades. Known ecological advantages of sand swimming include reduced predation risk and enhanced thermoregulation. We addressed whether, by way of sand abrasion, sand-swimming reduces ectoparasitism in the lizard Microlophus occipitalis, whose natural habitat includes sandy substrates (beach) and firm soil (dry forest). We hypothesised that, aside from habitat differences in infestation probability, ectoparasite prevalence and load would be lower in the beach than in the forest because of ectoparasite removal caused by sand-swimming. In an experiment with lizards confined in boxes with substrate from both habitats, lizards in beach boxes showed a greater decrease in ectoparasite load compared with lizards in forest boxes. Ectoparasite prevalence and load were much higher in the forest than in the beach across seasons. Larger lizards showed higher ectoparasite loads, and there were no sex differences in ectoparasite infestation. We provide evidence that sand swimming may confer another ecological advantage to lizards: reduced ectoparasitism. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Springer
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1432-1904
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject ectoparasite en_US
dc.subject Ectoparasites en_US
dc.subject habitat type en_US
dc.subject Iguania en_US
dc.subject lizard en_US
dc.subject Lizards en_US
dc.subject Microlophus en_US
dc.subject Microlophus occipitalis en_US
dc.subject parasite prevalence en_US
dc.subject predation risk en_US
dc.subject Sand-swimming en_US
dc.subject Squamata en_US
dc.subject swimming behavior en_US
dc.subject thermoregulation en_US
dc.title Sand-swimming behaviour reduces ectoparasitism in an iguanian lizard. en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-019-1651-8
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.06.13

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