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Daily smoking and 4-year caries increment in Finnish adults

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dc.contributor.author Bernabé, E.
dc.contributor.author Delgado-Angulo, E.K.
dc.contributor.author Vehkalahti, M.M.
dc.contributor.author Aromaa, A.
dc.contributor.author Suominen, A.L.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-10T18:11:31Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-10T18:11:31Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/7974
dc.description.abstract Objectives: Although the harmful effects of smoking on periodontal disease and oral cancer are now indisputable, its effect on dental caries is less well known. This study assessed whether daily smoking predicts caries increment in adults over 4 years. Methods Data from 955 adults who participated in both the Health 2000 Survey and the Follow-Up Study of Finnish Adults' Oral Health were analysed. At baseline, participants provided information on demographic characteristics, education and dental behaviours. The 4-year net increment in the numbers of decayed (DT), filled (FT) and missing (MT) teeth and the DMFT index were calculated using the data from baseline and follow-up clinical oral examinations. Results Daily smoking was not associated with net DMFT increment. In subsequent analysis by components, daily smoking was associated with net DT increment, but not with net FT or MT increments. When daily smokers were split into two groups by consumption level (1-19 and 20+ cigarettes/day) and compared to nondaily smokers, a significant dose-response relationship was additionally found between levels of tobacco consumption and net DT increment. Although daily smokers reported less favourable behaviours than nonsmokers, these associations only explained partially the effect of daily smoking on net DT increment. Conclusions Daily smoking was independently related to caries development (net DT increment) in adults over 4 years, but not to caries treatment (net FT and MT increments) or caries experience (net DMFT increment). en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Wiley
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1600-0528
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Follow-Up Studies en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Aged en_US
dc.subject Middle Aged en_US
dc.subject Interviews as Topic en_US
dc.subject dental caries en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject adult en_US
dc.subject aged en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject male en_US
dc.subject middle aged en_US
dc.subject follow up en_US
dc.subject Smoking en_US
dc.subject cohort studies en_US
dc.subject smoking en_US
dc.subject Health Surveys en_US
dc.subject adverse effects en_US
dc.subject DMF Index en_US
dc.subject Dental Caries en_US
dc.subject health survey en_US
dc.subject interview en_US
dc.subject Finland en_US
dc.title Daily smoking and 4-year caries increment in Finnish adults en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12101
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.14
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.05

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