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Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths after mass albendazole administration in an indigenous community of the Manu jungle in Peru

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dc.contributor.author Cabada, M.M.
dc.contributor.author Lopez, M.
dc.contributor.author Arque, E.
dc.contributor.author White, A.C.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-10T18:12:15Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-10T18:12:15Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/8077
dc.description.abstract Few data are available on the epidemiology of soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) in indigenous populations of the Peruvian Amazon. While albendazole is being increasingly used in deworming campaigns, few data exist on the impact of mass drug administration in isolated populations. We studied the prevalence of STHs, anemia, and malnutrition in a Matsigenka ethnic group from the Peruvian Amazon. Participants had received two doses of albendazole on consecutive days, 3 months before and again 2 weeks before data collection. Overall, 290 subjects were included. Most were female (53.7%) and 63.9% were ≤19 years old. Half of the participants had helminth infections. Trichiuris (30.2%), hookworm (19.1%), Ascaris (17.7%), and Strongyloides (5.6%) were the most common helminths. Other helminth ova included Capillaria hepatica and Fasciola-like eggs. Subjects of 5-19 years (51.8 %) and 20-35 years (68.6 %) old had helminths more often than those under 5 years (38%) and older than 35 years (41.5%) (P = 0.02). Anemia was detected in 41% of children and this was more common in children under 5 years that in those of 5-19 years [odd ratio (OR) = 5.68; 95% CI: 2.71-11.88]. Overall, 72.1% of children were malnourished. Stunting was common in children (70.7%), but wasting was not (2.9%). Despite repeated albendazole administration, this population continued to have a high prevalence of STHs, anemia, and malnutrition. In addition, we detected unusual organisms and organisms that do not respond to albendazole. Further studies are needed to assess the rationale and efficacy of mass chemotherapy for STHs in the Amazon. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:2047-7732
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject adolescent en_US
dc.subject Adolescent en_US
dc.subject adult en_US
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject albendazole en_US
dc.subject Albendazole en_US
dc.subject Amazon en_US
dc.subject anemia en_US
dc.subject animal en_US
dc.subject Animals en_US
dc.subject anthelmintic agent en_US
dc.subject Anthelmintics en_US
dc.subject article en_US
dc.subject ascariasis en_US
dc.subject Ascariasis en_US
dc.subject child en_US
dc.subject Child en_US
dc.subject Child, Preschool en_US
dc.subject Cross-Sectional Studies en_US
dc.subject cross-sectional study en_US
dc.subject drug administration en_US
dc.subject Drug Administration Schedule en_US
dc.subject feces en_US
dc.subject Feces en_US
dc.subject feces analysis en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject helminth en_US
dc.subject helminthiasis en_US
dc.subject Hookworm Infections en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject major clinical study en_US
dc.subject male en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject malnutrition en_US
dc.subject Manu jungle en_US
dc.subject Mass drug administration en_US
dc.subject Nematode Infections en_US
dc.subject Parasite Egg Count en_US
dc.subject parasite identification en_US
dc.subject parasitology en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject preschool child en_US
dc.subject prevalence en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject public health en_US
dc.subject Public Health en_US
dc.subject soil en_US
dc.subject Soil en_US
dc.subject Soil-transmitted helminths en_US
dc.subject Strongyloides en_US
dc.subject strongyloidiasis en_US
dc.subject Strongyloidiasis en_US
dc.subject stunting en_US
dc.subject transmission en_US
dc.subject trichuriasis en_US
dc.subject Trichuriasis en_US
dc.title Prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths after mass albendazole administration in an indigenous community of the Manu jungle in Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1179/2047773214Y.0000000142
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.06.01
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.07
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.08


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