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Common mental disorders in public transportation drivers in Lima, Peru

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dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Grosso, Paulo
dc.contributor.author Ramos, Mariana
dc.contributor.author Samalvides, Frine
dc.contributor.author Vega-Dienstmaier, Johann
dc.contributor.author Kruger, Hever
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-10T18:12:19Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-10T18:12:19Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/8107
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Traffic related injuries are leading contributors to burden of disease worldwide. In developing countries a high proportion of them can be attributed to public transportation vehicles. Several mental disorders including alcohol and drug abuse, psychotic disorders, mental stress, productivity pressure, and low monetary income were found predictors of high rates of traffic related injuries in public transportation drivers. The goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders in the population of public transportation drivers of buses and rickshaws in Lima, Peru. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Cross sectional study. A sample of bus and rickshaw drivers was systematically selected from formal public transportation companies using a snowball approach. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires for assessing major depressive episode, anxiety symptoms, alcohol abuse, and burnout syndrome. Socio demographic information was also collected. The analyses consisted of descriptive measurement of outcomes taking into account both between and within cluster standard deviation (BCSD and WCSD). A total of 278 bus and 227 rickshaw drivers out of 25 companies agreed to participate in the study. BCSD for major depressive episode, anxiety symptoms and burnout syndrome was not found significant (p>0.05). The estimated prevalence of each variable was 13.7% (IC95%: 10.7-16.6%), 24.1% (IC95%: 19.4-28.8%) and 14.1% (IC95%: 10.8-17.4%) respectively. The estimated prevalence of alcohol abuse was 75.4% (IC95%: 69-81.7%, BCSD = 12.2%, WCSD = 41.9%, intra class correlation (ICC): 7.8%). CONCLUSION: Common mental disorders such as alcohol abuse, major depressive episode, anxiety symptoms and burnout syndrome presented higher rates in public transportation drivers than general population. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher PLoS
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1932-6203
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Adult en_US
dc.subject Automobile Driving/psychology/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Demography en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Mental Disorders/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Peru/epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Transportation/statistics & numerical data en_US
dc.subject Work en_US
dc.subject Workforce en_US
dc.title Common mental disorders in public transportation drivers in Lima, Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101066
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00

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