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Malocclusion, dental caries and oral health-related quality of life: a comparison between adolescent school children in urban and rural regions in Peru

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dc.contributor.author Cadenas de Llano-Pérula, Maria
dc.contributor.author Ricse, Estela
dc.contributor.author Fieuws, Steffen
dc.contributor.author Willems, Guy
dc.contributor.author Orellana-Valvekens, Maria Fernanda
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-14T00:01:00Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-14T00:01:00Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/8249
dc.description.abstract Rural, isolated areas benefit less from caries prevention programs and access to treatment than urban areas, and, hence, differences in oral health can be expected. This study aims to assess the prevalence of caries and malocclusion in urban and rural areas of Peru and to compare them with patients' oral health perception. A total of 1062 adolescents were examined in five schools of rural (Titicaca) and urban (Lima and Cuzco) areas in Peru. Decay Missing Filled Teeth's Surfaces, the Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need and the Child Oral Health Impact Profile short form-19 (COHIP-SF 19) were used to assess caries, severity of malocclusion and Oral Health Quality of Life, respectively. Significant differences in the prevalence (p = 0.001) and degree of caries (p = 0.001) were found between regions. The prevalence of caries was the highest in Cuzco (97.65%), followed by Titicaca (88.81%) and Lima (76.42%). The severity of malocclusion was the lowest in Titicaca. There was a negative relation between malocclusion, caries and COHIP-SF 19, with no evidence of a difference between the regions. This suggests that the higher the prevalence of caries and the more severe the malocclusion, the poorer the perception of oral health. In our study, rural areas presented a lower severity of malocclusion than urban areas. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1660-4601
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject caries prevalence en_US
dc.subject community-based study en_US
dc.subject occlusal indices en_US
dc.subject occlusion/orthodontics en_US
dc.subject Oral Health Related Quality of Life en_US
dc.title Malocclusion, dental caries and oral health-related quality of life: a comparison between adolescent school children in urban and rural regions in Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062038
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.03.05
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#1.05.08


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