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El Niño resilience farming on the north coast of Peru

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dc.contributor.author Caramanica, A.
dc.contributor.author Mesia, L.H.
dc.contributor.author Morales, C.R.
dc.contributor.author Huckleberry, G.
dc.contributor.author Luis Jaime Castillo, B.
dc.contributor.author Quilter, J.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-14T16:06:12Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-14T16:06:12Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/8675
dc.description.abstract El Niño-Southern Oscillation has been treated as a disruptor of environmental and socioeconomic equilibrium both in ancient times and in modern-day Peru. Recent work in the coastal desert plain, known as the Pampa de Mocan, challenges this view by demonstrating that prehispanic irrigation systems were designed to incorporate floods and convert them into productive waters. Archaeological investigations in this landscape reveal a 2,000-y history of floodwater farming embedded in conventional canal systems. Together with a pollen record recovered from a prehispanic well, these data suggest that the Pampa de Mocan was a flexible landscape, capable of taking advantage of El Niño floodwaters as well as river water. In sharp contrast to modern-day flood mitigation efforts, ancient farmers used floodwaters to develop otherwise marginal landscapes, such as the Pampa de Mocan, which in turn mitigated risk during El Niño years. These archaeological data speak to contemporary policy debates in the face of increasingly intense and frequent natural disasters and question whether El Niño Southern Oscillation events should be approached as a form of temporary disorder or as a form of periodic abundance. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher National Academy of Sciences
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1091-6490
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject UNAVAILABLE en_US
dc.title El Niño resilience farming on the north coast of Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2006519117
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE

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