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Association between tuberculosis and depression on negative outcomes of tuberculosis treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.author Ruiz-Grosso, P.
dc.contributor.author Cachay, R.
dc.contributor.author De La Flor, A.
dc.contributor.author Schwalb, A.
dc.contributor.author Ugarte-Gil, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-14T16:10:09Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-14T16:10:09Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/8790
dc.description.abstract Background: Depression is a common comorbidity of tuberculosis (TB) and is associated with poor adherence to treatment of multiple disorders. We conducted a systematic review to synthesize the existing evidence on the relationship between depression and negative outcomes of TB treatment. Methods: We systematically reviewed studies that evaluated depressive symptoms (DS) directly or indirectly through psychological distress (PD) and measured negative treatment outcomes of drug-sensitive pulmonary TB, defined as death, loss to follow-up, or non-adherence. Sources included PubMed, Global Health Library, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science from inception to August 2019. Results: Of the 2,970 studies initially identified, eight articles were eligible for inclusion and two were used for the primary outcome meta-analysis. We found a strong association between DS and negative TB treatment outcomes (OR = 4.26; CI95%:2.33-7.79; I2 = 0%). DS were also associated with loss to follow-up (OR = 8.70; CI95%:6.50-11.64; I2 = 0%) and death (OR = 2.85; CI95%:1.52-5.36; I2 = 0%). Non-adherence was not associated with DS and PD (OR = 1.34; CI95%:0.70-2.72; I2 = 94.36) or PD alone (OR = 0.92; CI95%:0.81-1.05; I2 = 0%). Conclusions: DS are associated with the negative TB treatment outcomes of death and loss to follow-up. Considerable heterogeneity exists in the definition of depression and outcomes such as non-adherence across the limited number of studies on this topic. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher PLoS
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1932-6203
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject UNAVAILABLE en_US
dc.title Association between tuberculosis and depression on negative outcomes of tuberculosis treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/review
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227472
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.07
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#5.01.00

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