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Factores asociados a la percepción de la validez científica de la homeopatía en un grupo de médicos generales de Perú

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dc.contributor.author Taype-Rondan, A.
dc.contributor.author Miñan-Tapia, A.
dc.contributor.author Alarcon-Ruiz, C.A.
dc.contributor.author Zafra-Tanaka, J.H.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-14T16:11:19Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-14T16:11:19Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/8905
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Homeopathy is a widely used therapy in different parts of the world. However, its effectiveness has not been scientifically proven. Objective: To assess the factors associated with the perception of homeopathy scientific valid-ity in Peruvian general practice (GP) physicians. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analytical study. A group of GP physicians who at-tended training and career guidance courses on medical specialties and residencies offered by Colegio Médico del Perú (Medical Association of Peru) in 2017 were asked to complete a self-ad-ministered survey. The main study variable was evaluated using the following question: Do you consider that homeopathy effectiveness has been scientifically proven? Prevalence ratios (PR) and adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR), as well as their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated to assess the factors associated with considering homeopathy effectiveness as scientifically proven. Results: 285 GP physicians completed the survey (55.1% were women; median age: 28 years); 67.4% reported having heard about homeopathy, and out of these, 22.5% considered that homeopathy effectiveness was scientifically proven. Perceiving this type of therapy as scientifically valid was more frequent in women (aPR:1.80, 95%CI:1.03-3.16) and less frequent in those who had published at least one scientific paper (aPR:0.23, 95%CI:0.06-0.88). Conclusions: Almost a quarter of the physicians who had heard about homeopathy considered that this therapy had been scientifically proven. This might be caused by gaps in their medical training regarding alternative and complementary medicine therapies, and the influence that non-formal education has on decision-making. en_US
dc.description.abstract Introducción. La homeopatía es una terapia ampliamente utilizada en diversas partes del mundo; sin embargo, su eficacia no se ha comprobado científicamente. Objetivo. Evaluar los factores asociados a la percepción de la validez científica de la homeopatía en médicos generales de Perú. Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal analítico. Se realizaron encuestas autoaplicadas a médicos generales que asistieron a los cursos de capacitación y orientación vocacional en especialidad y residentado en salud del Colegio Médico del Perú en 2017. La variable principal del estudio se evaluó por medio de la siguiente pregunta: ¿considera que la eficacia de la homeopatía está científicamente probada? Para evaluar los factores asociados se calcularon razones de prevalencia crudas (RP) y ajustadas (RPa), así como sus intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC95%). Resultados. Se incluyeron 285 médicos generales (55.1% mujeres) con una edad mediana de 28 años. Del 67.4% que reportó haber escuchado sobre la homeopatía, 22.5% consideró que su eficacia estaba científicamente comprobada. Lo anterior fue más frecuente en mujeres (RPa: 1.80; IC95%: 1.03-3.16) y menos frecuente en quienes habían publicado algún artículo científico (RPa: 0.23; IC95%:0.06-0.88). Conclusiones. Casi un cuarto de los médicos que habían escuchado sobre homeopatía consideraron que esta terapia está científicamente comprobada. Lo anterior puede deberse a vacíos en la educación médica con respecto a las terapias médicas alternativas y complementarias, así como a la influencia de la educación no formal en la toma de decisiones. es_PE
dc.language.iso spa
dc.publisher Universidad Nacional de Colombia
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:2357-3848
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Homeopatía es_PE
dc.subject Médicos generales es_PE
dc.subject Terapias complementarias (es) es_PE
dc.subject Homeopathy es_PE
dc.subject General Practitioners es_PE
dc.subject Complementary Therapies (en) es_PE
dc.title Factores asociados a la percepción de la validez científica de la homeopatía en un grupo de médicos generales de Perú es_PE
dc.title.alternative Factors associated with the perception of scientific evidence regarding homeopathy in a group of general practitioners from Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.15446/revfacmed.v68n2.72116
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00


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