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Survey for infectious disease in the South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) population at Punta San Juan, Peru

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dc.contributor.author Jankowski, G.
dc.contributor.author Adkesson, M.J.
dc.contributor.author Saliki, J.T.
dc.contributor.author Cárdenas-Alayza, S.
dc.contributor.author Majluf, P.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-24T18:23:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-24T18:23:55Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/6482
dc.description.abstract The Peruvian population of the South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) is a distinct evolutionarily significant unit that is endangered. One of the largest rookeries for this species in Peru is located within the Punta San Juan marine protected area (15°22′S, 75°12′W). To better understand the current health status of this population, exposure to 10 pinniped pathogens was evaluated in adult female fur seals (n = 29) via serology and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques in November 2010. The results suggest this population is naïve to canine and phocine distemper viruses (serum neutralization test), five Leptospira interrogans serovars (microscopic agglutination test), and Brucella canis (card test). Indirect fluorescent antibody testing for Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, and Sarcocystis neurona was also uniformly negative. PCR testing of nasal swabs using previously described Mycoplasma spp. primers was positive in 37.9% (11/29) of samples. One animal was positive via card test for Brucella abortus, whereas 53.7% (15/28) were positive or suspect using a marine Brucella competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Antibody to phocine herpesvirus-1 (PHV-1) was identified in 85.7% (24/28) of the sampled population by serum neutralization testing. Overall, exposure to Mycoplasma spp., Brucella spp., and PHV-1 was observed, but results demonstrated low to no exposure to many key pinniped pathogens. The expansion of human populations, agriculture, and industry along the Peruvian coast may lead to increased pathogen exposure from human, domestic, and wild animal sources. The naïve nature of this key population of South American fur seals raises concerns about potential risk for disease outbreaks. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher BioOne
dc.relation.ispartof urn:issn:1937-2825
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Animalia en_US
dc.subject Arctocephalus australis en_US
dc.subject Brucella en_US
dc.subject Brucella melitensis biovar Abortus en_US
dc.subject Brucella melitensis biovar Canis en_US
dc.subject Herpesviridae en_US
dc.subject Human herpesvirus 1 en_US
dc.subject Leptospira en_US
dc.subject Leptospira interrogans en_US
dc.subject Mycoplasma en_US
dc.subject Neospora caninum en_US
dc.subject Phocine distemper virus en_US
dc.subject Pinnipedia en_US
dc.subject Prospect Hill virus en_US
dc.subject Sarcocystis neurona en_US
dc.subject Toxoplasma gondii en_US
dc.subject animal en_US
dc.subject Bacterial Infections en_US
dc.subject female en_US
dc.subject Otariidae en_US
dc.subject parasitology en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Protozoan Infections, Animal en_US
dc.subject veterinary en_US
dc.subject veterinary en_US
dc.subject Virus Diseases en_US
dc.subject Animals en_US
dc.subject Animals en_US
dc.subject Bacterial Infections en_US
dc.subject Bacterial Infections en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Female en_US
dc.subject Fur Seals en_US
dc.subject Fur Seals en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Peru en_US
dc.subject Protozoan Infections, Animal en_US
dc.subject Protozoan Infections, Animal en_US
dc.subject Virus Diseases en_US
dc.subject Virus Diseases en_US
dc.title Survey for infectious disease in the South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) population at Punta San Juan, Peru en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1638/2014-0120.1
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00 es_PE
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#4.03.00


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