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Male sex workers: Practices, contexts, and vulnerabilities for HIV acquisition and transmission

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dc.contributor.author Baral, S.D.
dc.contributor.author Friedman, M.R.
dc.contributor.author Geibel, S.
dc.contributor.author Rebe, K.
dc.contributor.author Bozhinov, B.
dc.contributor.author Diouf, D.
dc.contributor.author Sabin, K.
dc.contributor.author Holland, C.E.
dc.contributor.author Chan, R.
dc.contributor.author Caceres Palacios, Carlos Fernando
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-24T18:23:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-24T18:23:55Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12866/6483
dc.description.abstract Male sex workers who sell or exchange sex for money or goods encompass a very diverse population across and within countries worldwide. Information characterising their practices, contexts where they live, and their needs is limited, because these individuals are generally included as a subset of larger studies focused on gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) or even female sex workers. Male sex workers, irrespective of their sexual orientation, mostly offer sex to men and rarely identify as sex workers, using local or international terms instead. Growing evidence indicates a sustained or increasing burden of HIV among some male sex workers within the context of the slowing global HIV pandemic. Several synergistic facilitators could be potentiating HIV acquisition and transmission among male sex workers, including biological, behavioural, and structural determinants. Criminalisation and intersectional stigmas of same-sex practices, commercial sex, and HIV all augment risk for HIV and sexually transmitted infections among male sex workers and reduce the likelihood of these people accessing essential services. These contexts, taken together with complex sexual networks among male sex workers, define this group as a key population underserved by current HIV prevention, treatment, and care services. Dedicated efforts are needed to make those services available for the sake of both public health and human rights. Evidence-based and human rights-affirming services dedicated specifically to male sex workers are needed to improve health outcomes for these men and the people within their sexual networks. en_US
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.relation.ispartofseries Lancet
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.es
dc.subject Article en_US
dc.subject disease surveillance en_US
dc.subject disease transmission en_US
dc.subject human en_US
dc.subject Human immunodeficiency virus infection en_US
dc.subject Human immunodeficiency virus prevalence en_US
dc.subject human rights en_US
dc.subject infection prevention en_US
dc.subject infection risk en_US
dc.subject infection sensitivity en_US
dc.subject information processing en_US
dc.subject male en_US
dc.subject medical information system en_US
dc.subject men who have sex with men en_US
dc.subject nonhuman en_US
dc.subject pandemic en_US
dc.subject priority journal en_US
dc.subject prostitution en_US
dc.subject randomized controlled trial (topic) en_US
dc.subject sexual orientation en_US
dc.subject sexual practice en_US
dc.subject virus transmission en_US
dc.subject condom en_US
dc.subject health care delivery en_US
dc.subject high risk behavior en_US
dc.subject HIV Infections en_US
dc.subject legislation and jurisprudence en_US
dc.subject male homosexuality en_US
dc.subject prostitution en_US
dc.subject risk factor en_US
dc.subject social stigma en_US
dc.subject statistics and numerical data en_US
dc.subject transmission en_US
dc.subject unsafe sex en_US
dc.subject utilization en_US
dc.subject Condoms en_US
dc.subject Health Services Accessibility en_US
dc.subject HIV Infections en_US
dc.subject Homosexuality, Male en_US
dc.subject Humans en_US
dc.subject Male en_US
dc.subject Prostitution en_US
dc.subject Risk Factors en_US
dc.subject Risk-Taking en_US
dc.subject Sex Workers en_US
dc.subject Social Stigma en_US
dc.subject Unsafe Sex en_US
dc.title Male sex workers: Practices, contexts, and vulnerabilities for HIV acquisition and transmission en_US
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60801-1
dc.subject.ocde https://purl.org/pe-repo/ocde/ford#3.02.00
dc.relation.issn 1474-547X

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